Abstract

We report on the high-power and high-efficiency operation of a polycrystalline Ho:YAG ceramic laser in-band pumped by a Tm fiber laser at 1907nm. Lasing characteristics of a 1.5  at.% and a 2.0  at.% Ho3+-doped YAG ceramic were investigated and compared. Using an output coupler of 6% transmission, over 21.4W of cw output power at 2097nm has been generated with the 1.5  at.% doped Ho:YAG ceramic under 35W of incident pump power, corresponding to an average slope efficiency with respect to the incident pump power of 63.6% and an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 61.1%.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 2 (2004).

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

L. B. Shaw, R. S. F. Chang, and N. Djeu, Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, Y.

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Awazu, K.

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, and E. D. Filer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1212 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

Bollig, C.

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 2 (2004).

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S. F.

L. B. Shaw, R. S. F. Chang, and N. Djeu, Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. J.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Bollig, R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

Cooper, L. J.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 2 (2004).

Djeu, N.

L. B. Shaw, R. S. F. Chang, and N. Djeu, Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Dong, J. X.

Dubinskii, M.

G. A. Newburgh, A. Word-Daniels, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMDD2.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Filer, E. D.

Fuhrberg, P.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

Hanna, D. C.

C. Bollig, R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

Hayward, R. A.

Hazama, H.

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, M.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

Huber, G.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Newburgh, A. Word-Daniels, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMDD2.

Ji, J. H.

Jiang, B. X.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Dong, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Lett. 32, 1890 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koopmann, P.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

Lamrini, S.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

Lemons, M. L.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. B.

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q. H.

Lu, J. R.

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matera, V.

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

Matsubara, Y.

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mitzscherlich, P.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mosto, J. R.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Newburgh, G. A.

G. A. Newburgh, A. Word-Daniels, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMDD2.

Ogawa, T.

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y. B.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Y. F.

Rustad, G.

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scholle, K.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

Shaw, L. B.

L. B. Shaw, R. S. F. Chang, and N. Djeu, Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Stenersen, K.

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Dong, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Lett. 32, 1890 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, and E. D. Filer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1212 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

Wang, L.

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. J.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y. R.

Wisdom, J.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 2 (2004).

Word-Daniels, A.

G. A. Newburgh, A. Word-Daniels, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMDD2.

Xu, J. Q.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

J. Dong, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Lett. 32, 1890 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Dong, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Lett. 32, 1890 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yoshioka, H.

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yumoto, M.

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. X.

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. L.

Appl. Phys. B

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, Appl. Phys. B 79, 559 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

J. R. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, Y. Akiyama, and A. A. Kaminskii, J. Alloys Compd. 341, 220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Zhang, J. Zhou, W. B. Liu, J. Li, L. Wang, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, X. J. Cheng, and J. Q. Xu, J. Alloys Compd. 506, 745 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. Nakamura, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

X. J. Cheng, J. Q. Xu, M. J. Wang, B. X. Jiang, W. X. Zhang, and Y. B. Pan, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, Nat. Photon. 2, 721 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Nakamura, H. Yoshioka, Y. Matsubara, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, Opt. Commun. 281, 4411 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Spectra

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Photon. Spectra 38, 2 (2004).

Phys. Rev. B

L. B. Shaw, R. S. F. Chang, and N. Djeu, Phys. Rev. B 50, 6609 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

H. Hazama, M. Yumoto, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and K. Awazu, Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. A. Newburgh, A. Word-Daniels, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMDD2.

N. P. Barnes, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, V. Matera, and B. M. Walsh, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThV3.

S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, and M. Hofmann, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB13.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the Ho:YAG ceramic laser resonantly pumped by a Tm fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of Ho:YAG ceramic (dotted curve) and the emission spectrum of the fiber pump laser (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus incident pump power for Ho:YAG ceramic samples of 1.5   at. % and 2.0   at. % Ho 3 + concentration and with an output coupler of 6% transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power versus incident pump power for 1.5   at. % Ho 3 + -doped ceramic with output couplers of 3% and 6% transmission. Inset, output spectrum of the Ho:YAG ceramic laser at 2097 nm .

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