Abstract

We report optical guiding and laser action at around 1.9μm in a Tm3+-doped fluorogermanate glass waveguide fabricated using ultrafast laser inscription. A monolithic laser cavity was constructed by directly butt coupling dielectric mirrors to each facet of the 6.0mm long Tm3+-doped waveguide. When the waveguide was pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser tuned to 791nm, laser oscillation was achieved at around 1.91μm. This waveguide laser exhibited a maximum slope efficiency of 6% and a maximum output power of 32mW when pumped with 620mW of incident laser power.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
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E. Ramsay, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 742 (2010).
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2009

2008

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2001

1999

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
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Aitchison, J. S.

Almeida, R. M.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ams, M.

Bain, F. M.

Barbier, D.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
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Benayas, A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonse, J.

Brodeur, A.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calmano, T.

Cantelar, E.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
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Cerullo, G.

Chen, W.

Dekker, P.

Della Valle, G.

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X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
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Eaton, S. M.

Festa, A.

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F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
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Herman, P. R.

Hibino, Y.

Ho, S.

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Jaque, D.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
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Jha, A.

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, Opt. Express 16, 19146 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, X. Jiang, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in LEOS Society Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2009), p. 745.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, X. Jiang, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in LEOS Society Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2009), p. 745.
[CrossRef]

Jose, G.

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[CrossRef]

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Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

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A. Marks and J. Teichman, World J. Urol. 25, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marshall, G. D.

Mazur, E.

McCarthy, O.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

Nasu, Y.

Ng, M. L.

Orignac, X.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

Petermann, K.

Psaila, N. D.

Ramsay, E.

E. Ramsay, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 742 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

E. Ramsay, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 742 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B.

Rodenas, A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

Roso, L.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Sibbett, W.

Siebenmorgen, J.

Taccheo, S.

Teichman, J.

A. Marks and J. Teichman, World J. Urol. 25, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomson, R. R.

Torchia, G. A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Withford, M. J.

Yeatman, E.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. B.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

E. Ramsay, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 742 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Laser Phys.

B. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

X. Orignac, D. Barbier, X. M. Du, R. M. Almeida, O. McCarthy, and E. Yeatman, Opt. Mater. 12, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

World J. Urol.

A. Marks and J. Teichman, World J. Urol. 25, 227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, X. Jiang, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in LEOS Society Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (IEEE, 2009), p. 745.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission mode optical micrograph of the structure inscribed in the Tm 3 + :GPNG glass using 222 nJ pulses and a translation speed of 1.0 mm . s 1 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near-field image of the 1.94 μm mode guided by the lower modified structure shown in Fig. 1. The orientation of the mode matches the orientation of the waveguide facet shown in Fig. 1. The plots above and to the right of the image are of the intensity distribution of the mode along the x and z axes, respectively, both of which intersect the mode maxima.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for the waveguide laser experiments: PB, pumping beam at 791 nm ; FL, focusing lens; IM, input mirror; OWG, optimum waveguide; OC, output coupler; PBF, pump blocking filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Waveguide laser output power at 1.93 μm as a function of the incident pump power for three different output couplers (OC).

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