Abstract

We designed and fabricated an arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) in silicon oxynitride as a spectrometer for spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The AWG has a footprint of only 3.0cm×2.5cm, operates at a center wavelength of 1300nm, and has 78nm free spectral range. OCT measurements are performed that demonstrate imaging up to a maximum depth of 1mm with an axial resolution of 19μm, both in agreement with the AWG design parameters. Using the AWG spectrometer combined with a fiber-based SD-OCT system, we demonstrate cross- sectional OCT imaging of a multilayered scattering phantom.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (5)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

D. Sander and J. Müller, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 88, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Culemann, A. Knuettel, and E. Voges, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 730 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auner, G. W.

Avrutsky, I.

Baets, R.

G. Yurtsever, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 7554, 75541B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beaurepaire, E.

Boccara, A. C.

Bogaerts, W.

G. Yurtsever, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 7554, 75541B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Bremmer, R. H.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bykov, A. V.

Cense, B.

Chaganti, K.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, T. C.

Choi, D.

Culemann, D.

D. Culemann, A. Knuettel, and E. Voges, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 730 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, J. F.

de Bruin, D. M.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Kinkelder, R.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubois, A.

Dumon, P.

G. Yurtsever, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 7554, 75541B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Faber, D. J.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kalkman, A. V. Bykov, D. J. Faber, and T. G. van Leeuwen, Opt. Express 18, 3883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

French, P. J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furukawa, H.

Geljon, M.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiro-Oka, H.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ismail, N.

Jin, G.

Kalkman, J.

Knuettel, A.

D. Culemann, A. Knuettel, and E. Voges, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 730 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kodach, V. M.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

Margallo-Balbas, E.

Müller, J.

D. Sander and J. Müller, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 88, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, M.

Nassif, N. A.

Nguyen, V. D.

Ohbayashi, K.

Pandraud, G.

Park, B. H.

Pierce, M. C.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pun, E. Y. B.

Salakhutdinov, I.

Sander, D.

D. Sander and J. Müller, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 88, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, K.

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, F.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

Vabre, L.

van Dam, C.

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van Leeuwen, T. G.

van Marle, J.

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voges, E.

D. Culemann, A. Knuettel, and E. Voges, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 730 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. H.

Wörhoff, K.

Yan, Y.

Yang, C.

Yoshimura, R.

Yun, S. H.

Yurtsever, G.

G. Yurtsever, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 7554, 75541B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Culemann, A. Knuettel, and E. Voges, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 730 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

D. M. de Bruin, R. H. Bremmer, V. M. Kodach, R. de Kinkelder, J. van Marle, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 025001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Yurtsever, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 7554, 75541B (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

D. Sander and J. Müller, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 88, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup used for fiber-based SD-OCT with an AWG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reference spectrum (gray curve) and interference spectrum (dark curve) after reference spectrum subtraction, both measured with the AWG spectrometer in the fiber-based SD-OCT.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured OCT signal versus depth and fit of the roll-off (dashed curve). (b) Measured axial resolution (FWHM) versus depth in comparison with the theoretical axial resolution (dashed line). Both measurements are performed using the AWG in the fiber-based SD-OCT.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OCT image of the three-layered scattering phantom measured with the AWG as spectrometer in SD-OCT. The dashed line indicates maximum imaging depth.

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