Abstract

Efficient laser operation at wavelengths around 1.6μm is demonstrated in Er(1.1  at.%):YVO4. The crystal is in-band pumped at 1536nm by a fiber laser, resulting in a maximum slope efficiency of 57.9% with respect to the absorbed pump power and 2.3W of maximum output power. Wavelength tuning with a birefringent filter to wavelength bands suitable for CO2 lidar applications at 1579 and 1603nm could be obtained.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.
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  3. J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

2009 (1)

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 94, 451 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

1999 (1)

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B. 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Brandt, C.

C. Brandt, N. A. Tolstik, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB15.

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, J. A.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Case, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

DeFranza, M.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Dong, W.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Doualan, J.-L.

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 94, 451 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ermeneux, F. S.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

Gaumé, R.

Girard, S.

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grimshaw, M.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Haumesser, P.-H.

Heumann, E.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

Huber, G.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B. 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

C. Brandt, N. A. Tolstik, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB15.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

Jelínková, H.

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Kabro, P.

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, A.

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

Kisel, V. E.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koetke, J.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B. 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kupchenko, M. I.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurilchik, S. V.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Boulanger, P.

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leisher, P.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Margerie, J.

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martinsen, R.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Matrosov, V. N.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matrosova, T. A.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Nemec, M.

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Patterson, S.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

C. Brandt, N. A. Tolstik, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB15.

Peters, R.

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Sahu, J. K.

Schiller, M.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

Shen, D. Y.

Sokólska, I.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Šulc, J.

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

Tolstik, N. A.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Brandt, N. A. Tolstik, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB15.

Troshin, A. E.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

Vivien, D.

Wizemann, H.-D.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

Wulfmeyer, V.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, Appl. Phys. B 71, 893 (2000).

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 94, 451 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, Appl. Phys. B 86, 275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B. 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

J. A. Capobianco, P. Kabro, F. S. Ermeneux, R. Moncorgé, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. 214, 329(1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Case, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Le Boulanger, J.-L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-D. Wizemann, M. Schiller, M. Fechner, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of the 24th International Laser Radar Conference (2008), paper S01P-22.

M. Fechner, R. Peters, A. Kahn, K. Petermann, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA3.
[PubMed]

C. Brandt, N. A. Tolstik, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AMB15.

J.  Šulc, H. Jelínková, M. Němec, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Łukasiewicz, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper ATuA27.

P. Leisher, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, M. DeFranza, M. Dubinskii, S. Patterson, and R. Martinsen, “1500 nm InP diode lasers optimized for use at 77 K demonstrate 73% conversion efficiency,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (San Jose, California, USA, 2010), paper CWE5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission cross sections from the I 13 / 2 4 manifold calculated by the reciprocity method and FL equation as well as the combined emission spectra (a) in σ and (b) in π polarization; GSA, ESA, and emission cross sections (c) in σ and (d) in π polarization. The inset in (d) shows the gain cross sections in π polarization for the inversion parameters β = 0.1 , 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6, as well as two vertical dashed lines indicating wavelengths suitable for CO 2 DIAL applications at 1579 and 1603 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Z-shaped resonator setup. The pump power was set by rotating the λ / 2 waveplate. (b) Input–output characteristics of an in-band-pumped 12 mm Er ( 1.1   at . % ) : YVO 4 crystal in the resonator configuration displayed in Fig. 2a.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Caird analysis of the input–output characteristics of the linear hemispheric resonator and the Z-shaped resonator shown in Fig. 2b.

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