Abstract

We demonstrate a simple approach for broadening and compression of intense pulses at megahertz repetition rates by self-phase modulation in nonlinear photonic crystal fibers. In order to avoid damage by self-focusing, we positively chirp the input pulses, which allows coupling of significantly more energy into the fiber, while maintaining the same spectral bandwidth and compression as compared to the Fourier-limited case at lower energy. Using a commercial long-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator with 55fs, 400nJ pulses at 5MHz, we generate 16fs, 350nJ pulses, which is a factor of 4 more energy than possible with unchirped input pulses. Self-phase-modulated spectra supporting 11fs duration are also shown with 350nJ pulse energy. Excellent stability is recorded over at least 1h.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (4)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, P. Krok, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 33, 192 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2005 (3)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1982 (1)

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Ahmad, I.

Aidelsburger, M.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, and P. Baum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 19714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aiello, L.

Antal, P.

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baggett, J. C.

Balant, A. C.

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, and P. Baum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 19714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binhammer, T.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Brunner, F.

Cerullo, G.

Chiodo, N.

Dombi, P.

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Emons, M.

Fekete, J.

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferraro, P.

Finizio, A.

Furusawa, K.

García, J. F.

Giessen, H.

Graf, R.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hoos, F.

Höpfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Jin, J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

Kim, S.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-W.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirchner, F. O.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, and P. Baum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 19714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, and P. Baum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 19714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, Opt. Express 17, 7943 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

Laporta, P.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lochbrunner, S.

Mans, T.

Maselli, V.

Mazur, E.

Metzger, B.

Milam, D.

Monro, T. M.

Morgner, U.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, S.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicola, S. D.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ortac, B.

Ortaç, B.

Osellame, R.

Palmer, G.

Park, I.-Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paschotta, R.

Pervak, V.

Pierattini, G.

Poprawe, R.

Pricking, S.

Rademaker, K.

Richardson, D. J.

Riedle, E.

Röser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Schaffer, C. B.

Schimpf, D.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schriever, C.

Schultze, M.

Shank, C. V.

Steinmann, A.

Stolen, R. H.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Szipocs, R.

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonravov, A. V.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Trubetskov, M. K.

Tünnermann, A.

Várallyay, Z.

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weitenberg, J.

Yin, A.

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Dombi, P. Antal, J. Fekete, R. Szipőcs, and Z. Várallyay, Appl. Phys. B 88, 379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, Nature 453, 757 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, and P. Baum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 19714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of chirped pulse compression. A megahertz laser’s output pulses are stretched before entering a nonlinear fiber (PCF). This avoids self-focusing and provides significantly improved output energies.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of (a), (b) unchirped and (c), (d) chirped broadening and compression.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation of input peak power to output energy at constant spectral broadening (see text). The open diamond shows the parameters for the 11 fs spectrum of Fig. 5.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Long-term stability of the spectral shape in our chirped pulse compression approach.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Approaching the 10 fs regime at full energy ( 5 MHz , input 400 nJ , output 354 nJ ).

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