Abstract

In this Letter, we propose a phase drift cancellation method for remote radio frequency transfer. Phase fluctuation along the transmission fiber, which is induced by temperature and pressure changes, is measured and compensated by a heterodyne optoelectronic delay-locked loop. The control loop consists of a heterodyne optoelectronic phase detector, a microwave delay module, and the loop filter. We demonstrate the concept by transmitting a 10GHz microwave frequency over 50km single-mode fiber, with subpicosecond jitters measured at the remote end.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 35, 1025 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Lutes, in Proceedings of the 41st Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (IEEE, 1987), pp. 161–166.
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 19, 1777 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 35, 1025 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Amy-Klein, A.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asari, K.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Daussy, C.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Foreman, S. M.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujieda, M.

M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

Gotoh, T.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hara, T.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L. W.

Holman, K. W.

Hosokawa, M.

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Jungner, P.

Kawano, N.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

Kuji, S.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, M.

M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lea, S. N.

Lopez, O.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lutes, G.

G. Lutes, in Proceedings of the 41st Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (IEEE, 1987), pp. 161–166.
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Nagano, S.

Narbonneau, F.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishio, M.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.-L.

Robertsson, L.

Santarelli, G.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tarenghi, M.

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, C. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. B 98, 723 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. Space Sci. (1)

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (2)

K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishio, and N. Kawano, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, T. Gotoh, and M. Hosokawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. Lutes, in Proceedings of the 41st Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (IEEE, 1987), pp. 161–166.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experiment setup for the 50 km phase drift cancellation system. DFB, distributed feedback laser; RF, radio frequency; MZM, Mach–Zender modulator; EDFA, erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier; PC, polarization controller, PIN, photodetector; SMF, single-mode fiber; FRM, Faraday rotation mirror; SSB, single sideband modulator; IF, intermediate frequency; PD, phase detector; LF, loop filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Received RF waveform of local and 50 km remote in 20 min measurement time: (a) local waveform, (b)  50 km remote waveform without control loop, (c)  50 km remote waveform with control loop.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured receiver RMS phase jitter at different periods, in three conditions: locally, 50 km remote without control loop, and 50 km remote with control loop.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E local ( t ) = cos [ ω RF ( t t o τ ) ] .
E remote ( t ) = cos [ ω RF ( t t o ) ω RF τ φ P ] .
E return ( t ) = cos [ ω RF ( t t o ) ω RF τ 2 φ P ] .
E drive ( t ) = cos [ ω RF ( t t o + τ ) + ω IF t ] .
E IF_receive ( t ) = cos [ ω IF t + 2 ( ω RF τ + φ P ) ] .
E IF_reference ( t ) = cos ( ω IF t ) .

Metrics