Abstract

We propose and demonstrate data exchange in both the wavelength and time domains at a fine granularity, i.e., low-speed tributary channel exchange of wavelength-division multiplexed high-speed optical time-division multiplexed signals. Using the parametric depletion effect of cascaded second-order nonlinear interactions in a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide, we experimentally implement 10Gbit/s tributary channel exchange between two 160Gbit/s signals with a power penalty of less than 4dB at a bit-error rate of 109. Moreover, taking into account the waveguide propagation loss, we derive analytical solutions to investigate the signal depletion (SD) and extinction ratio (ER) performance of the PPLN-based data exchange. The theoretical analyses indicate that low waveguide propagation loss benefits large achievable SD and ER.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. C. H. Kwok, B. P. P. Kuo, and K. K. Y. Wong, Opt. Express 16, 10894 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

2010 (1)

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, Opt. Netw. Mag. 4, 55 (2003).

Bakhtiari, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Cheung, H. K. Y.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y. H.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fazal, I.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Fung, R. W. L.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, S. L.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Huang, H.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kwok, C. H.

Mukherjee, B.

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, Opt. Netw. Mag. 4, 55 (2003).

Nuccio, S. R.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Shen, M. Z.

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Wong, K. K. Y.

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Kwok, B. P. P. Kuo, and K. K. Y. Wong, Opt. Express 16, 10894 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Xiao-Li, Y.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Xu, X.

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. Y.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Yilmaz, O. F.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

Yuk, T. I.

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, K.

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, Opt. Netw. Mag. 4, 55 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Z. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, Opt. Netw. Mag. 4, 55 (2003).

Other (1)

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, H. Huang, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept and principle for single-PPLN-based tributary channel exchange between two WDM high-speed OTDM signals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for single-PPLN-based 10 Gbit / s tributary channel exchange between two 160 Gbit / s signals. MLL, mode-locked laser; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; ODL, optical tunable delay line; AM, amplitude modulator; BPF, bandpass filter; PC, polarization controller; OC, optical coupler; Pol., polarizer; Rx, receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured spectra for the tributary channel exchange. (a) Supercontinuum generation. (b) Tributary channel exchange at the output of PPLN.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured eye diagrams for the tributary channel exchange (Ch. 1).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a), (b) BER performance for the tributary channel exchange. (c), (d) Power penalties of tributary exchange for 16 tributary channels. (a), (c) Signal 1. (b), (d) Signal 2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a), (c), (e) SD and (b), (d), (f) ER performance for PPLN-based data exchange. (a) SD versus pump power under different propagation losses ( L = 30 mm ). (b) ER versus pump power under different propagation losses ( L = 30 mm ). (c) SD versus waveguide length under different propagation losses ( P P 10 = P P 20 = 400 mW ). (d) ER versus waveguide length under different propagation losses ( P P 10 = P P 20 = 400 mW ). (e) Maximum SD versus propagation loss. (f) Maximum ER versus propagation loss.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) SD and (b) ER as functions of waveguide length and pump power with a waveguide propagation loss of 0.2 dB / cm ( SD > 15 dB , ER > 15 dB within pairs of dashed lines).

Equations (2)

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SD S 1 = 2 2 + Y , SD S 2 = 2 2 + Y ,
ER S 1 = P P 20 · P S 20 P P 10 · P S 10 Y 2 ( 2 + Y ) 2 , ER S 2 = P P 10 · P S 10 P P 20 · P S 20 Y 2 ( 2 + Y ) 2 ,

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