Abstract

An effective negative refractive index (NRI) is demonstrated and experimentally verified for the first two propagation bands of a fishnet-like metamaterial at millimeter-wave frequencies. The dual-band NRI behavior is achieved by engineering the diffraction order (±1, ±1) associated with the internal mode supported between holey layers to correspond with the second propagation band. In addition to the experimental interferometric technique that accounts for the handedness of the propagation, numerical results are given to predict the dual-band effective NRI and to confirm dual-band negative refraction for a prism composed of the proposed metamaterial.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  2. V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
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  4. S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martín-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, and F. J. García-Vidal, Opt. Lett. 29, 2500 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Navarro-Cía, M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 16, 560 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  15. A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, and M. Sorolla, “High numerical aperture and low-loss negative refraction based on the fishnet rich anisotropy,” Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl. (to be published).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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  23. C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Xiao, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, Opt. Lett. 34, 3478 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Navarro-Cía, M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 16, 560 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 14, 5445 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2000

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1968

V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beruete, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cía, M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 16, 560 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 14, 5445 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martín-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, and F. J. García-Vidal, Opt. Lett. 29, 2500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, and M. Sorolla, “High numerical aperture and low-loss negative refraction based on the fishnet rich anisotropy,” Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl. (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Bravo-Abad, J.

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campillo, I.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

Dickson, W.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dolado, J. S.

Dolling, G.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drachev, V. P.

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enkrich, C.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, W.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Meca, C.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, J.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishimaru, A.

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and Scattering (Prentice Hall, 1991).

Kildishev, A. V.

Kong, J. A.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landau, L.

L. Landau and E. M. Lifschitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Elsevier, 1984).

Lederer, F.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lifschitz, E. M.

L. Landau and E. M. Lifschitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Elsevier, 1984).

Linden, S.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H. T.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malloy, K. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martí, J.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez, A.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

Mary, A.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cía, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cía, M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 16, 560 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, and M. Sorolla, “High numerical aperture and low-loss negative refraction based on the fishnet rich anisotropy,” Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl. (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Ortuño, R.

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pacheco, J.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N. C.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, T.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pertsch, T.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Fortuño, F. J.

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauvan, C.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shamonina, E.

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford University, 2009).

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford University, 2009).

Sorolla, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cía, M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 16, 560 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Opt. Express 14, 5445 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martín-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, and F. J. García-Vidal, Opt. Lett. 29, 2500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, and M. Sorolla, “High numerical aperture and low-loss negative refraction based on the fishnet rich anisotropy,” Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl. (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

Yang, J.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, New J. Phys. 12, 063037 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, and M. Sorolla, “High numerical aperture and low-loss negative refraction based on the fishnet rich anisotropy,” Photonic. Nanostruct: Fundam. Appl. (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cía, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, Phys. Rev. B 79, 195107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. Wu, J. Pacheco Jr., and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. E 70, 016608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. García-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Martí, A. Martínez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402(2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp.

V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. Solymar and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials (Oxford University, 2009).

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and Scattering (Prentice Hall, 1991).

L. Landau and E. M. Lifschitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Elsevier, 1984).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Geometrical dimensions of the considered fishnet structure (picture of two unit cells). (b) Fabricated prototype.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Retrieved effective refractive index, for different number of FLs. Solid and dashed lines represent the real part of n z and the figure of merit, FOM = | Re ( n z ) / Im ( n z ) | , respectively. The circles correspond to the index derived from the dispersion diagram. (b) Dispersion diagram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Electric field at the center frequency of both bands at two different two-dimensional cuts. The incident wave is polarized with the E-field along the y-axis. (b) Measured (solid lines) and simulated (dashed lines) transmission spectra. (c) First and (d) second band measured (circles) and simulated (solid lines) phase response on transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Refraction in a fishnet mtm prism for (a) the first and (b) the second band . The interface and its normal are plotted in dashed line and the power flow direction with a purple arrow.

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