Abstract

We report on the first Raman laser based on a fluoride glass optical fiber. The Raman fiber laser was pumped by a 9.6W Tm3+:silica CW fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 1940nm. A maximum output power of 580mW was measured at 2185.1nm, corresponding to a frequency shift of 579cm1 (17.37THz). We observed a threshold power of 3.8W and a low power slope efficiency of 29% with respect to the launched pump power. Using those results and the known fiber parameters, we estimated a Raman gain peak value of 3.52*1014m/W, which is lower than the previously reported values.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

2010

2009

M. Bernier, R. Vallée, B. Morasse, C. Desrosiers, A. Saliminia, and Y. Sheng, Opt. Express 17, 18887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

J.-C. Bouteiller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1698(2003).
[CrossRef]

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Rini, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1117 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Mizunami, H. Iwashita, and K. Takagi, Opt. Commun. 97, 74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, and P. Lamouler, Electron. Lett. 21, 723 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1973

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276(1973).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed.(Academic, 2001).

André, P. S.

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Anzueto-Sánchez, G.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bernier, M.

Borghesi, L. M.

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Botineau, J.

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bouteiller, J.-C.

J.-C. Bouteiller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1698(2003).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caron, N.

Chin, S. L.

Churkin, D. V.

Cristiani, I.

M. Rini, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1117 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cumberland, B. A.

Degiorgio, V.

M. Rini, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1117 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desrosiers, C.

Dianov, E. M.

B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 32, 1848 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Durteste, Y.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, and P. Lamouler, Electron. Lett. 21, 723 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Eichhorn, M.

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, D.

Gruppi, D.

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirth, A.

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276(1973).
[CrossRef]

Iwashita, H.

T. Mizunami, H. Iwashita, and K. Takagi, Opt. Commun. 97, 74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalinowski, H. J.

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lamouler, P.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, and P. Lamouler, Electron. Lett. 21, 723 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Macon, L.

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mazé, G.

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 32, 1848 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melkumov, M. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

T. Mizunami, H. Iwashita, and K. Takagi, Opt. Commun. 97, 74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, and P. Lamouler, Electron. Lett. 21, 723 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Morasse, B.

Pfeiffer, P.

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. L.

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E. V.

Popov, S. V.

Rakitin, A. E.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rini, M.

M. Rini, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1117 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saïssy, A.

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Sheng, Y.

Shubin, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, S. V.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276(1973).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, K.

T. Mizunami, H. Iwashita, and K. Takagi, Opt. Commun. 97, 74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Vallée, R.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276(1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, and P. Lamouler, Electron. Lett. 21, 723 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Rini, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1117 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Gruppi, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, and P. Pfeiffer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 446 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J.-C. Bouteiller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1698(2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Lett.

A. Saïssy, J. Botineau, L. Macon, and G. Mazé, J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-289 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Mizunami, H. Iwashita, and K. Takagi, Opt. Commun. 97, 74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

P. S. André, H. J. Kalinowski, L. M. Borghesi Jr., and J. L. Pinto, Proc. SPIE 5036, 518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. E. Rakitin, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed.(Academic, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the all-fiber Raman laser operating at 2185 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output power as a function of the launched pump power. The lines are numerical simulations, the green one with a constant output coupler and the blue one with a fit on R out MAX to match the output power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RFL output spectrum at a Stokes power of 280 mW . The spectrum analyzer resolution was set to 0.05 nm . The inset shows the two overlapping FBGs forming the cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Raman gain spectrum of the fluoride fiber for a pump at 1940 nm . The output wavelength of the laser system is marked with an X. The gain is assumed to scale as 1 / λ p .

Equations (1)

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R eff = P reflected P incident = S ( λ ) 1 R out ( λ ) R out ( λ ) d λ S ( λ ) 1 R out ( λ ) d λ ,

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