Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a modulation scheme for disordered nonlinear crystals that combines periodic modulation and disordered sections. The crystal is divided into a set of identical periodically poled building blocks, whereby each block is followed by a short section of random length. We use this scheme to achieve broadband second harmonic generation in KTiOPO4 nonlinear crystals while independently controlling the bandwidth and the center of the converted wavelengths as well as the efficiency of conversion. The trade-off between bandwidth and efficiency is improved in comparison with periodically poled crystals.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

Y. Sheng, S. M. Saltiel, and K. Koynov, Opt. Lett. 34, 656 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Emanueli and A. Arie, Appl. Opt. 42, 6661 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

A. Arie and N. Voloch, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Emanueli and A. Arie, Appl. Opt. 42, 6661 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

Bahabad, A.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baudrier-Raybaut, M.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Betzler, K.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Busacca, A. C.

Chai, W.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cojocaru, C.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dou, J.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dumay, D.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emanueli, S.

Fejer, M. M.

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, R.

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fradkin, K.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haïdar, R.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imeshev, G.

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koynov, K.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, S. M. Saltiel, and K. Koynov, Opt. Lett. 34, 656 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krolikowski, W.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kupecek, Ph.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemasson, Ph.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lifshitz, R.

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, B.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, D.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Neshev, D. N.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oliveri, R. L.

Pasquazi, A.

Ren, M.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roppo, V.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosencher, E.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenman, G.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

Y. Sheng, S. M. Saltiel, and K. Koynov, Opt. Lett. 34, 656 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, S. M. Saltiel, and K. Koynov, Opt. Lett. 34, 656 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Skliar, A.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Staliunas, K.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stivala, S.

Sukhorukov, A. A.

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trull, J.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tunyagi, A. R.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulex, M.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vilaseca, R.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Voloch, N.

A. Arie and N. Voloch, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. B 95, 609 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, and G. Rosenman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

A. Arie and N. Voloch, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lifshitz, A. Arie, and A. Bahabad, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SRO structure, consisting of identical periodic BBs in which the last domain is extended by a random length: (a) 6 and (b) 10 domains per BB.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a)–(c) Measured (dots) and calculated (lines) normalized SH power as function of central fundamental wavelength (a), (b) and as a function of temperature (c), for several SRO and periodic gratings. Number of domains per BB is stated in parentheses. (d) Measured (dots) SH peak power at different fundamental peak powers and second-order polynomial fits (lines) for each of the six gratings of the sample. From top to bottom: (1)  15 mm long periodic, (2) SRO with 106 domains per BB—optimal realization, (3) same with suboptimal realization, (4)  4.72 mm long periodic, (5) 40 domains per BB, and (6) 24 domains per BB. The central fundamental wavelength in (c), (d) is 1650 nm . The source linewidth is about 6.5 nm (a), 3 nm (b), (c) and 9 nm (d).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured (circles) and calculated (lines) SH power obtained by a 15 mm SRO crystal with 106 domains per BB with source linewidths of [(a), calculated only] 0, (b) 2.3, (c) 3, and (d)  6.5 nm . Power is individually normalized to make the curve shapes comparable.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Normalized Efficiency

Equations (1)

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Γ = FWHM × Avg RMS ,

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