Abstract

We realized a transparent Fourier transform spectrometer and investigated its operating principle. The spectrometer consists of a low-reflectivity Fabry–Perot interferometer and a partially transparent photodetector, which allows for the operation of the spectrometer in transmission. By changing the distance between the low-reflectivity mirrors of the Fabry–Perot interferometer, the light intensity that reaches the partially transparent photodetector is modulated and the spectral information of the incident light is determined by the Fourier transform of the generated photocurrent. This transparent Fourier transform spectrometer allows easy miniaturization and integration into any kind of optical system.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Manzardo, H. P. Herzig, C. R. Marxer, and N. F. de Rooij, Opt. Lett. 24, 1705 (1999).
  2. K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).
  3. D. A. B. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 732 (1994).
  4. H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).
  5. D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).
  6. E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).
  7. M. Renault, Y. Hadjar, S. Blaize, A. Bruyant, L. Arnaud, G. Lerondel, and P. Royer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3303 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  8. M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).
  9. P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).
  10. L. J. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, Opt. Express 14, 3840 (2006).
    [PubMed]
  11. M. Pisani and M. E. Zucco, Opt. Express 17, 8319 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  12. Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).
  13. E. Hecht, in Optics (Addison-Wesley, 2002), pp. 385–442.
  14. W. Luft and Y. Tuso, Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Alloy Deposition Processes (Marcel Dekker, 1993).
  15. O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.
  16. H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).
  17. G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

2010

2009

2007

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

2006

L. J. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, Opt. Express 14, 3840 (2006).
[PubMed]

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

2005

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

2004

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

2003

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

2002

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

2001

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

1999

O. Manzardo, H. P. Herzig, C. R. Marxer, and N. F. de Rooij, Opt. Lett. 24, 1705 (1999).

M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).

1998

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

1994

D. A. B. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 732 (1994).

Andreou, G.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Appenzeller, W.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Apsel, A.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Arnaud, L.

Ascazubi, R.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Athale, R. A.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Benech, P.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Beneking, C.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Bhalotra, S. R.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

Blaize, S.

M. Renault, Y. Hadjar, S. Blaize, A. Bruyant, L. Arnaud, G. Lerondel, and P. Royer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3303 (2010).
[PubMed]

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Bruyant, A.

Büchner, H.-J.

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Bunte, E.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Chen, L. J.

de Rooij, N. F.

Deng, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Denis, K. L.

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Fedeli, J. M.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Hadjar, Y.

Hane, K.

M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).

Harris, J. S.

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, in Optics (Addison-Wesley, 2002), pp. 385–442.

Herzig, H. P.

Hoffmann, S.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Houben, L.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Jäger, G.

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Kalayjian, Z. K.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Kao, T. F.

Kelley, P.

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Keppnet, H.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Kern, P.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Kersting, R.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Kluth, O.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Knipp, D.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Krishnamoorthy, U.

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Kung, H. L.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

le Coarer, E.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Leblond, G.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Lee, D.

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Lerondel, G.

Lérondel, G.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Liu, K.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Löffl, A.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Lu, J. Y.

Luft, W.

W. Luft and Y. Tuso, Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Alloy Deposition Processes (Marcel Dekker, 1993).

Mandryka, V.

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Mansell, J. D.

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

Manzardo, O.

Marxer, C. R.

Mi, X. Y.

M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).

Miller, D. A. B.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

D. A. B. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 732 (1994).

Morand, A.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Park, N.

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Pisani, M.

Pouliquen, P. O.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Rech, B.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Reedy, R.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Renault, M.

Royer, P.

M. Renault, Y. Hadjar, S. Blaize, A. Bruyant, L. Arnaud, G. Lerondel, and P. Royer, Opt. Lett. 35, 3303 (2010).
[PubMed]

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Roytburd, V.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Sasaki, M.

M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).

Selvan, J. A.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Shur, M. S.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Simonis, G.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

Solgaard, O.

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Stefanon, I.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Stiebig, H.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Sun, C. K.

Tuso, Y.

W. Luft and Y. Tuso, Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Alloy Deposition Processes (Marcel Dekker, 1993).

Wagner, H.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Waser, R.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Wester, T.

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Wieder, S.

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

Xie, H. K.

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Xu, J. Z.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Yu, K.

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Zavracky, P. M.

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Zhang, X. C.

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Zucco, M. E.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Sasaki, X. Y. Mi, and K. Hane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999).

IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag.

G. Andreou, Z. K. Kalayjian, A. Apsel, P. O. Pouliquen, R. A. Athale, G. Simonis, and R. Reedy, IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 1, 22 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. A. B. Miller, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 732 (1994).

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. L. Kung, S. R. Bhalotra, J. D. Mansell, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 98 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.

D. Knipp, H. Stiebig, S. R. Bhalotra, E. Bunte, H. L. Kung, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 52, 419(2005).

Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves

Y. Q. Deng, R. Kersting, V. Roytburd, J. Z. Xu, R. Ascazubi, K. Liu, X. C. Zhang, and M. S. Shur, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 25, 215 (2004).

Nat. Photon.

E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, Nat. Photon. 1, 473 (2007).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

P. M. Zavracky, K. L. Denis, H. K. Xie, T. Wester, and P. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 3514, 179 (1998).

Sens. Actuators A

K. Yu, D. Lee, U. Krishnamoorthy, N. Park, and O. Solgaard, Sens. Actuators A 130–131, 523 (2006).

Thin Solid Films

H. Stiebig, H.-J. Büchner, E. Bunte, V. Mandryka, D. Knipp, and G. Jäger, Thin Solid Films 427, 152 (2003).

Other

E. Hecht, in Optics (Addison-Wesley, 2002), pp. 385–442.

W. Luft and Y. Tuso, Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Alloy Deposition Processes (Marcel Dekker, 1993).

O. Kluth, A. Löffl, S. Wieder, C. Beneking, W. Appenzeller, L. Houben, B. Rech, H. Wagner, S. Hoffmann, R. Waser, J. A. Selvan, and H. Keppnet, in Conference Record of the 26th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 715–718.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic sketch of the transparent Fourier transform spectrometer. A low-reflectivity Fabry– Perot interferometer is combined with a partially transparent detector in order to realize spectrometers that can operate in transmission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Partially transparent photodetectors. The photodetectors (p-i-n diodes) were deposited on a glass substrate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Quantum efficiency and transmission of the partially transparent photodetector.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output of partially transparent spec trometer: (a) measured photocurrent (ac component) as a function of displacement between low-reflectivity mirrors of the Fabry–Perot interferometer and (b) optical spectrum of a He–Ne laser obtained with a transparent Fabry–Perot spectrometer.

Equations (3)

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T ( d , λ ) = ( 1 + 4 R 1 R 2 sin 2 ( 2 π d λ ) ) 1 ,
T ( d , λ ) ( 1 2 R 1 R 2 ) + 2 R 1 R 2 cos ( 4 π d λ ) .
Δ k = π Δ L C , Δ λ = λ 2 2 · Δ L C ,

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