Abstract

We experimentally report a magnetic plasmonic metamaterial, which is constructed with a metal ring-shaped disk array supported by a dielectric layer on a metal film for high sensitive refractive index sensing. An ultrasensitive refractive index sensitivity of about 1842nm per refractive index unit is achieved through the reflection spectrum measurement. We attribute the high sensitivity to greatly enhanced electric field intensity and its large spatial overlapping with the surrounding medium to sense. The present plasmonic structure provides an effective way for high sensitive chip-based biochemical sensors and integrated devices.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

W. Kubo and S. Fujikawa, Nano Lett. 11, 8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

Y. Yang, Q. Li, and G. P. Wang, Opt. Express 16, 11275(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abajo, F. J. G. D.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alegret, J.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, S. H.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujikawa, S.

W. Kubo and S. Fujikawa, Nano Lett. 11, 8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanarp, P.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Kall, M.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kubo, W.

W. Kubo and S. Fujikawa, Nano Lett. 11, 8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, E. M.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Liu, F.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

P. Nordlander, ACS Nano 3, 488 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sherry, L. J.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutherland, D. S.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wan, R.

Wang, G. P.

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiley, B. J.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (1)

P. Nordlander, ACS Nano 3, 488 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (4)

L. J. Sherry, S. H. Chang, G. C. Schatz, R. P. Van Duyne, B. J. Wiley, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett. 5, 2034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Kall, and D. S. Sutherland, Nano Lett. 7, 1256 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Kubo and S. Fujikawa, Nano Lett. 11, 8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. D. Abajo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic MRD array based plasmonic structure. (b) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the MRD array. Bar, 2 μm . Inset, SEM image of ring- shaped resist nanohole array. Bar, 500 nm . (c) Measured and (d) simulated reflection spectra of the structure in air (red solid line), D 2 O (green dashed line), and CCl 4 (black dotted line), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Dependence of resonance wavelength λ (measurement, triangles and simulation, lines) on thickness h of the supported SiO 2 layer as MRD array is in air (red solid), D 2 O (green dashed), and CCl 4 (black dotted), respectively. (b) Relation between the sensitivity S and thickness h of the supported SiO 2 layer. Measurement, triangles and simulation, solid line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated | Ex | 2 distribution of light around MRDs with (a)  h = 60 nm and (b)  h = 200 nm , respectively. Inset of (b), calculated | Ex | 2 distribution of light around a MRD with larger hole size ( r 1 = 280 nm and r 2 = 180 nm ) supported by h = 200 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (triangles) and simulated resonance wavelengths λ of four MRDs in air (red solid), D 2 O (green dashed), and CCl 4 (black dotted), respectively, as well as and their sensitivity S (Measurement, dots and simulation, blue solid line). Inset, SEM images of the four MRDs. Bar, 500 nm .

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