Abstract

We describe a second-harmonic-generation frequency-resolved optical gating measurement device optimized for the characterization of few-cycle pulses in the mid-IR spectral range. The system has a temporal range of 100ps with resolution of 0.12fs, and it is capable of measuring pulses as short as 1.5  cycles  (15   fs) at 3μm. Through interchangeable beam splitters and detectors it covers a wavelength range from 800nmto5μm with up to 0.5cm1 resolution. We demonstrate measurement of a richly featured 3.2μm pulse with 9.6  cycle duration, recovering the main pulse of 96fs, as well as low-intensity post-pulses with picosecond offset. We also characterize a 100fs pulse after dispersion through a 1cm sapphire plate, comparing the measured phase difference with the calculated one.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

2007

2006

2004

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

1998

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

1990

1989

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Baltuska, A.

Bates, P. K.

Benedetti, E.

Biegert, J.

Brida, D.

Calegari, F.

Cerullo, G.

Chalus, O.

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

Couairon, A.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Delong, K. W.

Fattinger, C.

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Grischkowsky, D.

Gu, X.

Hauri, C.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Ishii, N.

Itatani, J.

Kanai, T.

Kaplan, D.

Keiding, S.

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kohler, B.

Kornelis, W.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 28, 281 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krumbugel, M. A.

Ladera, C. L.

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Metzger, T.

Mogi, K.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Richman, B. A.

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schenkel, B.

Smith, A. V.

A. V. Smith, SNLO version 5.0, nonlinear optics code available from A.V. Smith (A-S Photonics Albuquerque, N. Mex.).

Smolarski, M.

Spielmann, C.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Suzuki, T.

Svelto, O.

Teisset, C. Y.

Tempea, G.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J. W. G.

Torizuka, K.

Trebino, R.

Vanexter, M.

Vozzi, C.

Walmsley, I. A.

Watanabe, S.

Wilson, K. R.

Yamada, H.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yoshitomi, D.

Appl. Phys. B

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. V. Smith, SNLO version 5.0, nonlinear optics code available from A.V. Smith (A-S Photonics Albuquerque, N. Mex.).

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the SHG-FROG system for mid-IR ultrashort pulse characterization (see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured FROG trace at 3.2 μ m ; color shows the square root of intensity. (b) Retrieved FROG trace. (c) Retrieved (solid curve) and measured (dotted curve) spectrum and phase. (d) Retrieved temporal pulse; also shown is magnified × 100 (dotted line) to highlight the well-resolved postpulse at 900 fs .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) FROG trace of undispersed pulse; color shows the square root of intensity. (b) FROG trace after propagation through 1 cm sapphire (note different time scale). (c) Retrieved intensity and instantaneous frequency (right scale) from (a). (d) Retrieved intensity and instantaneous frequency from (b). (e) Retrieved (solid curve) and measured (dashed curve) spectrum (left scale) and spectral phase (right scale) of unchirped pulse. (f) Retrieved and measured spectrum and spectral phase after 1 cm sapphire. The dashed–dotted curve shows the calculation of the expected spectral phase.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of SHG Crystals at 3200 nm with 200 μ m Thickness Data Calculated with SNLO [17] a

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