Abstract

A new cascaded microwave photonic filter that can realize a high Q value is presented. It consists of two infinite impulse response filters based on two active loops. Owing to wavelength conversion employing cross-gain modulation of the amplified spontaneous emission spectrum of the semiconductor optical amplifier in one loop, the interference between the modulated optical signals of different taps from two loops can be avoided, and stable transmission characteristics of the filter can then be achieved. Using this cascaded structure, the free spectral range and Q value can be increased significantly, and tunability can also be realized. Measured results of a high Q of 3338 and a rejection ratio of about 40dB are achieved.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, and P. Muñoz, Opt. Lett. 28, 1802 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonic (IEEE, 1996), pp. 273–276.
  11. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1463 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).
  13. E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).
  14. N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. S. You and R. A. Minasian, Electron. Lett. 35, 2125 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Capmany, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2564 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

J. Capmany, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2564 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. S. You and R. A. Minasian, Electron. Lett. 35, 2125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonic (IEEE, 1996), pp. 273–276.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2564 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, and P. Muñoz, Opt. Lett. 28, 1802 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corral, J. L.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fonjallaz, P. Y.

M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Olcina, R.

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gunnarsson, O.

M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D. X.

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

Hunter, D. B.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonic (IEEE, 1996), pp. 273–276.

Manzanedo, M. D.

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

Minasian, R.

R. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. S. You and R. A. Minasian, Electron. Lett. 35, 2125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonic (IEEE, 1996), pp. 273–276.

Mora, J.

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, P.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, and P. Muñoz, Opt. Lett. 28, 1802 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pastor, D.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, and P. Muñoz, Opt. Lett. 28, 1802 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polo, V.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Popov, M.

M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, S. Sales, A. Martinez, and P. Muñoz, Opt. Lett. 28, 1802 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, B.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, E. M.

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

Yao, J. P.

You, N.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

You, N. S.

N. S. You and R. A. Minasian, Electron. Lett. 35, 2125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G.

W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

Zhang, Y.

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

Zhou, L. N.

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

L. N. Zhou, X. L. Zhang, E. M. Xu, and D. X. Huang, Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 1036 (2009).

Chin. Phys. Lasers (1)

E. M. Xu, X. L. Zhang, L. N. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, Chin. Phys. Lasers 26, 094208 (2009).

Electron. Lett. (3)

W. Zhang, G. Yu, and J. A. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 36, 1708 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. S. You and R. A. Minasian, Electron. Lett. 35, 2125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortega, J. Mora, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and R. Garcia-Olcina, Electron. Lett. 41, 1133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Mora, S. Sales, M. D. Manzanedo, R. Garcia-Olcina, J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, and J. Marti, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Popov, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and O. Gunnarsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (3)

R. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 832 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. You and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1304 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonic (IEEE, 1996), pp. 273–276.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experiment setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Compared frequency responses of the front IIR filter and the back IIR filter. (b) Frequency response of the cascaded filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Frequency response of the cascaded filter for an OVDL delay time of 60 ps , (b) increased to 150 ps , and (c) increased to 240 ps .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Results of the Front IIR Filter, the Back IIR Filter, and the Cascaded Filter

Metrics