Abstract

Single-sideband (SSB) direct-detection optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission is experimentally demonstrated in a system with 125 km fiber length, which does not need a guard band between the carrier and the OFDM band. The waveforms of compatible SSB modulation are analytically derived and realized through a single dual-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator. The required optical signal-to-noise ratios for different modulation indices on the OFDM band are discussed for optimal operation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.
  7. D. Walker and H. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2751 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Xu, R. Hui, and O. Sullivan, Opt. Express 17, 13479 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

Z. Xu, R. Hui, and O. Sullivan, Opt. Express 17, 13479 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, Opt. Express 14, 2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, Electron. Lett. 42, 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

D. Walker and H. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arbab, V. R.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Armstrong, J.

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, Electron. Lett. 42, 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Breyer, F.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bunge, C. A.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Christen, L. C.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Comeau, A.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

Du, L.

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

Feng, K. M.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Hamee, B.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Hui, R.

Lee, S. C.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A.

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

Lowery, A. J.

McGhan, D.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

McNicol, J.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

O’Sullivan, M.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

Peng, W. R.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Petermann, K.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, K.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

Schimidt, B. J.

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

Schuster, M.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, Electron. Lett. 42, 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spinnler, B.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strawczynski, L.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

Sullivan, O.

Sun, H.

D. Walker and H. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D.

D. Walker and H. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Wu, X.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Xu, Z.

Yang, J. Y.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

Zan, Z.

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, Electron. Lett. 42, 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Walker and H. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (3)

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, in Proceedings of the OFC (2005), paper OThJ3.

B. J. Schimidt, Z. Zan, L. Du, and A. Lowery, in Proceedings of the OFC (2009), paper PDP OWM4.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Hamee, J. Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of the OFC (2008), paper OMU1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System schematics of compatible SSB OFDM modulation on a dual-electrode MZM: PD, photodetector; VOA, variable optical attenuator; DAC, digital/analog converter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Compatible SSB optical spectrum measured by coherent heterodyne detection. (b) Simulated optical spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) SSB OFDM spectrum high-frequency roll-off, (b) constellation of SSB OFDM signal of (a), and (c) SSB OFDM after digital precompensation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Back-to-back constellation for the SSB OFDM signal: (a) experimental result, (b) numerical result.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER versus required OSNR for (a) back-to-back and after 125 km fiber span with CSR = 10   dB and (b) after 125 km fiber span but with different CSR values.

Equations (8)

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E 0 ( t ) = exp { σ ( t ) + j H [ σ ( t ) ] } = A ( t ) e j Φ ( t ) ,
E 0 ( t ) = 2 E i e j ω t e j φ 0 ( t )   sin [ Δ φ ( t ) ] ,
φ 0 ( t ) = [ φ 1 ( t ) + φ 2 ( t ) ] / 2 ,     Δ φ ( t ) = [ φ 1 ( t ) φ 2 ( t ) ] / 2 ,
E 0 ( t ) 2 E i e j ω t e j φ 0 ( t ) ( Δ φ ( t ) ) .
( Δ φ ( t ) ) e j φ 0 ( t ) = A ( t ) e j Φ ( t ) .
Δ φ ( t ) = A ( t ) ,     φ 0 ( t ) = Φ ( t ) .
φ 1 ( t ) = H [ σ ( t ) ] + e σ ( t ) ,
φ 2 ( t ) = H [ σ ( t ) ] e σ ( t ) .

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