Abstract

Amplified spontaneous emission of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at the interface of a resonant gain medium has been observed. The amplification is accompanied by significant spectral narrowing and limits the gain available for compensation of SPP propagation losses. The effect is similar to the deteriorating influence of amplified spontaneous emission in laser resonators.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, Opt. Express��12, 4072 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. Marini, A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett.��34, 2864 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B��78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B��78, 161401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

2005 (2)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett.��94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, Opt. Express��12, 4072 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett.��85, 3968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett.��90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Koechner and M. Bass, Solid State Lasers (Springer, 2003).

Ambati, M.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bass, M.

W. Koechner and M. Bass, Solid State Lasers (Springer, 2003).

Bergman, D.?J.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett.��90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B��78, 161401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colas des Francs, G.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Leon, I.

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B��78, 161401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eng, L.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett.��94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

Finot, Ch.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frömsdorf, A.

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Genov, D.?A.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorbach, A.?V.

Grafstrom, S.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett.��94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grandidier, J.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H’Dhili, F.

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett.��85, 3968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haritani, T.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, R.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, S.?G.

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Hotta, S.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, M.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett.��85, 3968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner and M. Bass, Solid State Lasers (Springer, 2003).

Kornowski, A.

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Koyama, T.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A.?V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B��78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A.?A.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marini, A.

Markey, L.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massenot, S.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayy, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagel, M.

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Nam, S.?H.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nezhad, M.?P.

Noginov, M.?A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, T.

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett.��85, 3968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Podolskiy, V.?A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritzo, B.?A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seidel, J.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett.��94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D.?V.

Smolyaninov, I.?I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stockman, M.?I.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett.��90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taniguchi, Y.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tetz, K.

Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J.?-C.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weller, H.

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Zayats, A.?V.

A. Marini, A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett.��34, 2864 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B��78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, Adv. Mater.��15, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett.��85, 3968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

M. Nagel, S. G. Hickey, A. Frömsdorf, A. Kornowski, and H. Weller, J. Phys. Chem.��221, 427 (2007).

Nano Lett. (2)

M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett.��8, 3998 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, Ch. Finot, and A. Dereux, Nano Lett.��9, 2935 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep.��408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B��78, 161401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B��78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, Phys. Rev. Lett.��101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, Phys. Rev. Lett.��90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, Phys. Rev. Lett.��94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. Koechner and M. Bass, Solid State Lasers (Springer, 2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup for the optical measurements: a He–Ne laser light is coupled to SPPs on the G1 grating and excites signal SPPs via QD fluorescence. The amplifying medium is continuously pumped with a second He–Ne laser. The signal from the decoupling grating (G2) is collected into an optical fiber connected to the spectrometer. (b) Optical images of the in/out-coupling grating pairs with different distances between them.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SPP emission spectra for different pump intensities. (b) FWHM and (c) SPP intensity dependencies on the pump intensity for 3 pairs of in/out-coupling gratings. (d) the dependence of the propagation length of the signal SPPs on the pump intensity. The SPP propagation lengths on Au/semi-infinite polymer and Au/air interfaces are also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pump intensity dependence of the normalized gain coefficient for different in/out-coupling grating pairs.

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