Abstract

We describe a dual-core microstructured optical fiber designed for refractive index sensing of fluids. We show that by using the exponential dependence of intercore coupling on analyte refractive index, both large range and high sensitivity can be achieved in the one device. We also show that selective filling of the microstructure with analyte can increase the device sensitivity by approximately 1 order of magnitude.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009 (3)

2007 (1)

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, and M. Koshiba, Opt. Express 11, 3188 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Accomandi, L.

Argyros, A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baggett, J. C.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. (to be published).

Barton, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I. M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bassi, P.

Belardi, W.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bellanca, G.

Birks, T. A.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Copperwhite, R. F.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

Eggleton, B. J.

Fellew, M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fogli, F.

Furusawa, K.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Geschke, O.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greenaway, A. H.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Groothoff, N.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, M.

M. Hansen and G. E. Town, in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communications (2003), pp. 616-617.

Hansen, T. P.

Henry, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hoiby, P. E.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Issa, N. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Kribich, R.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

Kristensen, M.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Large, M. C. J.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

MacCraith, B. D.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

Mahmoodian, S.

Mangan, B. J.

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manos, S.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, C.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O'Dwyer, K.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

Padden, W.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, L. H.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, J. C.

Poladian, L.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rindorf, L.

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritari, T.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Sato, Y.

Simonsen, H. R.

Sorensen, T.

Town, G. E.

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. (to be published).

M. Hansen and G. E. Town, in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communications (2003), pp. 616-617.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

Trillo, S.

Tuominen, J.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. K. C.

Yuan, W.

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. (to be published).

Zagari, J.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

L. Rindorf, P. E. Hoiby, J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, O. Bang, and O. Geschke, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 1370 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, Electron. Lett. 36, 1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

W. Yuan, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. (to be published).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

P. St. J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors (1)

C. Martelli, J. Canning, M. Kristensen, and N. Groothoff, Sensors 7, 2492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Hansen and G. E. Town, in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communications (2003), pp. 616-617.

G. E. Town, R. F. Copperwhite, R. Kribich, K. O'Dwyer, and B. D. MacCraith, in Proceedings of the 30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plot of intensity distribution of (a) even and (b) odd supermodes at λ = 633 nm in a dual-core microstructured fiber with hole diameter d = 0.750 μ m and hole pitch Λ = 1 μ m . The refractive index of the host is n host = 1.45 , and all holes are assumed to be filled with an analyte with refractive index n a = 1.42 . The horizontal and vertical scales are in micrometers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plot of coupling length versus analyte refractive index when all holes in the microstructure are filled with analyte: +, input polarization vertical; ×, input polarization horizontal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of transmittance of a 2 mm length of the dual-core sensing fiber for vertically polarized input as a function of analyte refractive index for (i) all holes nonselectively filled with analyte (dotted curve) and (ii) only the two holes between the cores selectively filled with analyte (solid curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plot of the intensity distribution of the even supermode in the same structure as shown in Fig. 1, except for selective filling of only the two holes between the two cores with analyte (all other holes are assumed air filled). The horizontal and vertical scales are in micrometers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plot of coupling length versus analyte refractive index in the selectively filled microstructure. +, input polarization vertical; ×, input polarization horizontal.

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