Abstract

We introduce a scheme for single-shot detection and correction of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) drift of femtosecond pulses at mid-IR wavelengths. Difference frequency mixing between the mid-IR field and a near-IR gate pulse generates a near-IR frequency-shifted pulse, which is then spectrally interfered with a replica of the gate pulse. The spectral interference pattern contains shot-to-shot information of the CEP of the mid-IR field, and it can be used for simultaneous correction of its slow drifts. We apply this technique to detect and compensate long-term phase drifts at 17μm wavelength, reducing fluctuations to only 110mrad over hours of operation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2008 (6)

2007 (2)

K. Y. Kim, B. Yellampalle, A. J. Taylor, G. Rodriguez, and J. H. Glownia, Opt. Lett. 32, 1968 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

K. Liu, J. Xu, and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, A. Georg, and T. Heinz, Opt. Lett. 25, 426 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Aoshima, S.-I.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, B.

Bartels, L.

Benedetti, E.

Bonn, M.

Boothroyd, A. T. J.

R. I. Tobey, R. Prabakharan, A. T. J. Boothroyd, and A. Cavalleri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197404 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Brodschelm, A.

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

Cavalleri, A.

R. I. Tobey, R. Prabakharan, A. T. J. Boothroyd, and A. Cavalleri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197404 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Chériaux, G.

Cirmi, G.

De Silvestri, S.

Dean, N.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eikema, K.

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujihira, Y.

Georg, A.

Glownia, J. H.

Hebling, J.

Heinz, T.

Hoffmann, M. C.

Hogervorst, W.

Homma, T.

Huber, R.

A. Sell, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Opt. Lett. 33, 2767 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huber, X.

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, J.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joffre, M.

Kakehata, M.

Kawada, Y.

Kim, K. Y.

Knoesel, E.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kübler, C.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

A. Sell, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Opt. Lett. 33, 2767 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Liu, K.

K. Liu, J. Xu, and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Nahata, A.

Nelson, K. A.

Nisoli, M.

Prabakharan, R.

R. I. Tobey, R. Prabakharan, A. T. J. Boothroyd, and A. Cavalleri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197404 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

Rini, M.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

Sansone, G.

Schoenlein, R. W.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

Shan, J.

Stagira, S.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Tauser, F.

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Tobey, R.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tobey, R. I.

R. I. Tobey, R. Prabakharan, A. T. J. Boothroyd, and A. Cavalleri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197404 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokura, Y.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomioka, Y.

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

Tübel, S.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

Weling, A. S.

Witte, S.

Xu, J.

K. Liu, J. Xu, and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, T.

Yeh, K.-L.

Yellampalle, B.

Zhang, X. C.

K. Liu, J. Xu, and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

X. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Xu, and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nature (1)

M. Rini, R. Tobey, N. Dean, J. Itatani, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, R. W. Schoenlein, and A. Cavalleri, Nature 449, 72 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. I. Tobey, R. Prabakharan, A. T. J. Boothroyd, and A. Cavalleri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197404 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Setup for the production of tunable light pulses at mid-infrared wavelengths. (b) Scheme for the detection of MIR CEP drift. WLG, white-light generation; DL, delay lines; WP, wedge plates; DF, difference frequency pulse; EO, electro-optic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the gate (blue dashed–dotted line) together with the side band (red solid line) arising from difference frequency mixing with the MIR pulses in a GaSe crystal. The weighted center of each spectrum is also given. Inset, fringe pattern from balanced spectral interference between gate and DF pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Sequence of spectra acquired during the introduction of 3.5 μ m of fused silica glass on the pump beam path and (b) corresponding phase shift. (c) Electric field deduced from EO sampling of the MIR pulses for the two phase values indicated by the arrows in panel (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Long-term characterization of the MIR phase drift. Both free-running and closed loop measurements are displayed.

Equations (1)

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ϕ DF = ϕ 1 ϕ 2 π 2.

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