Abstract

A method is proposed to control the aspect ratio (ε) of elongated nanoparticles obtained by ion implantation in a transparent matrix. The procedure was tested for Ag spheroids in silica and we could accurately change ε in the range from the maximum value obtained by the ion implantation (around 3.0 in this case) to 1.0 (spherical shape). The values of ε were determined in several steps from optical extinction spectroscopy measurements, by fitting the modification and splitting of the surface plasmon resonance peak, using the T-matrix method. In the initial (maximum deformation) and final (undeformed) states, transmission electron microscopy images were obtained, showing a good agreement with the T-matrix results in both cases.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Sönnichsen and A. P. Alivisatos, Nano Lett. 5, 301 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles, 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).
  10. O. Peña, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, G. Kellermann, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Cheang-Wong, H. G. Silva-Pereyra, J. Arenas-Alatorre, and A. Oliver, Appl. Opt. 48, 566 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Baletto and R. Ferrando, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 371 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. A. Thompson, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 56, 105 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

2009

2006

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

F. Baletto and R. Ferrando, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 371 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Sönnichsen and A. P. Alivisatos, Nano Lett. 5, 301 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1981

D. A. Thompson, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 56, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A. P.

C. Sönnichsen and A. P. Alivisatos, Nano Lett. 5, 301 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arenas-Alatorre, J.

Baletto, F.

F. Baletto and R. Ferrando, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 371 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cerruti, C.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheang-Wong, J. C.

O. Peña, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, G. Kellermann, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Cheang-Wong, H. G. Silva-Pereyra, J. Arenas-Alatorre, and A. Oliver, Appl. Opt. 48, 566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Crespo-Sosa, A.

O. Peña, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, G. Kellermann, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Cheang-Wong, H. G. Silva-Pereyra, J. Arenas-Alatorre, and A. Oliver, Appl. Opt. 48, 566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D'Orléans, C.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eaglesham, D. J.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Estournès, C.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferrando, R.

F. Baletto and R. Ferrando, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 371 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

Grob, J. J.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guille, J. L.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haas, F.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

Hernández, J. M.

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. G.

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacobson, D. C.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kellermann, G.

Kistler, R. C.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. C.

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles, 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).

Link, S.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M. I.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles, 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).

Mohamed, M. B.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Muller, D.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, E.

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Noguez, C.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, A.

O. Peña, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, G. Kellermann, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Cheang-Wong, H. G. Silva-Pereyra, J. Arenas-Alatorre, and A. Oliver, Appl. Opt. 48, 566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peña, O.

Poate, J. M.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reyes-Esqueda, J. A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

Richard-Plouet, M.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Fernandez, L.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Fernández, L.

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Fernández, L.

Rodríguez-Iglesias, V.

Roiz, J.

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roman-Velazquez, C. E.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roussignol, P.

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

Seman, J. A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silva-Pereyra, H. G.

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen and A. P. Alivisatos, Nano Lett. 5, 301 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoquert, J. P.

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, D. A.

D. A. Thompson, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 56, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Travis, L. D.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles, 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).

Tsui, Y.

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. R.

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

X. G. Huang, M. R. Wang, Y. Tsui, and C. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, and J. M. Poate, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3073 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

C. Sönnichsen and A. P. Alivisatos, Nano Lett. 5, 301 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B

A. Oliver, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. Roiz, L. Rodriguez-Fernández, J. M. Hernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and E. Muñoz, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

C. D'Orléans, J. P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, C. Cerruti, J. J. Grob, J. L. Guille, F. Haas, D. Muller, and M. Richard-Plouet, Phys. Rev. B 67, 220101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Roman-Velazquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodriguez-Fernandez, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids

D. A. Thompson, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 56, 105 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

F. Baletto and R. Ferrando, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 371 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1991), pp. 321-411.
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles, 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Lateral and (b) frontal view of the geometry of the electric and magnetic fields for a linearly polarized wave impinging on a spheroidal particle at angle ϕ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Z-scan mode TEM micrographs obtained (a) before and (b) after the postdeformation annealing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental optical extinction spectra measured for incident light with polarization angles varying between 0° (p polarized) and 90° (s polarized) at various times during the annealing. All the spectra were normalized to 1 at the 300 nm wavelength for better visualization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Summary of the changes in the position of the SPR peaks as a function of annealing time.

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