Abstract

A highly birefringent silica microfiber was successfully developed by adiabatically tapering a low-birefringence flat fiber at a low temperature. Owing to the high fiber cross-sectional ellipticity and the large refractive index contrast between silica and the surrounding air (δn=0.45) the flat microfiber provides an extremely high group birefringence (B=5.3×103 at 1550 nm). The ability to obtain high birefringence in optical microfibers offers new possibilities for polarization discrimination and control within microfiber devices, such as high-resolution optical sensors, resonators, and fiber lasers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1986

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

Arriaga, J.

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Brambilla, G.

Carberry, J. P.

Chen, X.

Crowley, A. M.

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Diez, A.

Dyott, R. B.

R. B. Dyott, Elliptical Fiber Waveguides (Artech House, 1995).

Feng, X.

Gallagher, M. T.

Gattass, R. R.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, S. R.

He, S.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horak, P.

Horiguchi, M.

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hosaka, T.

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kim, S.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

Koizumi, F.

Koukharenko, E.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, M. -J.

Lou, J.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

Mason, M. W.

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murugan, G. S.

Noda, J.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Norman, S. R.

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Okamoto, K.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Paek, U. C.

Payne, D. N.

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pinheiro-Ortega, T.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sasaki, Y.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sessions, N. P.

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestre, E.

Smith, A. M.

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torres-Peiro, S.

Venkataraman, N.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wilkinson, J. S.

Wood, W. A.

Xu, F.

Zenteno, L. A.

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Electron. Lett.

T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, J. Noda, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 21, 920 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Norman, D. N. Payne, M. J. Adams, and A. M. Smith, Electron. Lett. 15, 309 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nature

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. B. Dyott, Elliptical Fiber Waveguides (Artech House, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of an adiabatically tapered Hi-Bi flat microfiber, (b) microscope images of the fiber cross section along the taper.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the proposed flat microfiber for different outer diameters a.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral polarization oscillations obtained by a crossed polarizer technique for a microfiber length of l = 100   mm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group birefringence versus wavelength as a function of microfiber diameter a.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Birefringence for Hi-Bi Fibers in the Literature and the Proposed Flat Microfibers

Metrics