Abstract

We investigate experimentally the self-phase modulation (SPM) induced by gain dynamics on picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers whose gain recovery is enhanced by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). The observed pulse spectra are highly asymmetric at low drive currents but become more symmetric with increasing current, owing to the ASE-induced reduction in the gain-recovery time down to 9 ps. Furthermore, the amount of spectral broadening is shown to saturate with drive current. We show that a variety of spectral-lobe strengths is selectable, while maintaining a nearly constant small-signal gain, a feature desirable for all-optical signal processing applications.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 2079 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. de Melo and K. Petermann, Opt. Commun. 281, 4598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

2000

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1989

N. A. Olsson, G. P. Agrawal, and K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 25, 603 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

Agrawal, G. P.

N. A. Olsson, G. P. Agrawal, and K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 25, 603 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Akiyama, T.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, A.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cabot, S.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, D. N. Maywar, S. Cabot, J. Jacques, and S. S. Patel, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2863 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Melo, A. M.

A. M. de Melo and K. Petermann, Opt. Commun. 281, 4598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deveaud, B.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dlubek, M. P.

M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 2079 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dupertuis, M. A.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ebe, H.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Emery, J. Y.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giller, R.

Girardin, F.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hatori, N.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hessler, T. P.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, A.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, M.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, J.

Jaques, J.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larkins, E. C.

M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 2079 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Manning, R. J.

Maywar, D. N.

Nakata, Y.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nielson, D. T.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

N. A. Olsson, G. P. Agrawal, and K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 25, 603 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Otsubo, K.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patel, S. S.

Petermann, K.

A. M. de Melo and K. Petermann, Opt. Commun. 281, 4598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, A. J.

M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 2079 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pleumeekers, J. L.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proiletti, R.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

Sauer, N.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Selbmann, P. E.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

Webb, R. P.

Wecht, K. W.

N. A. Olsson, G. P. Agrawal, and K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 25, 603 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

N. A. Olsson, G. P. Agrawal, and K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 25, 603 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens, and J. Y. Emery, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, I. Kang, A. Bhardwaj, N. Sauer, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and D. T. Nielson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, R. Proiletti, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Phys. D

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, J. Phys. D 38, 2126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 2079 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. M. de Melo and K. Petermann, Opt. Commun. 281, 4598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup. (b) Pulse shape and (c) pulse spectrum produced by the gain-switched DFB laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Observed spectra of amplified pulses at drive current (a) up to 100 mA and (b) beyond 100 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative amplitudes of the three main spectral lobes seen in Fig. 2 as a function of drive current.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spectral broadening factor (SBF) and (b) measured small-signal amplification factor as a function of drive current.

Equations (1)

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μ n = ( ν ν n ) n S ( ν ) d ν S ( ν ) d ν ,

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