Abstract

We report on a passively mode-locked optically pumped GaSb-based semiconductor disk laser producing stable picosecond optical pulses at a 1.95μm wavelength. The gain mirror was comprised of a 15 quantum well InGaSb/GaSb structure. A fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirror with three InGaSb/GaSb quantum wells was used to attain self-starting mode-locked operation at a fundamental repetition rate of 881.2MHz. The laser produced pulses with 30pJ energy and a duration of 1.1ps within a factor of 2 of the Fourier limit.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A.-R. Bellancourt, Y. Barbarin, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Shafiei, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 9704 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Targ, B. C. Steakley, J. G. Hawley, L. L. Ames, P. Forney, D. Swanson, R. Stone, R. G. Otto, V. Zarifis, P. Brockman, R. S. Calloway, S. H. Klein, and P. Robinson, Appl. Opt. 35, 7117 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amann, M.-C.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ames, L. L.

Arafin, S.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aschwanden, A.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Bachmann, A.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barbarin, Y.

Bellancourt, A.-R.

Bernd, H. W.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmann, R.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brockman, P.

Burns, D.

Calloway, R. S.

Danicke, V.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Daniell, G. J.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Elsmere, S.

Farrer, I.

Feng, X.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flanagan, J. C.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Forney, P.

Fried, A.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I.T.Sorokina and K.L.Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (2003), pp. 445–516.

Gini, E.

Golling, M.

Guina, M.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haring, K.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Härkönen, A.

A. Härkönen, A. Bachmann, S. Arafin, K. Haring, J. Viheriälä, M. Guina, and M.-C. Amann, Proc. SPIE 7720, 772015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hawley, J. G.

Hempler, N.

Hoffmann, M.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J.-M.

Horak, P.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hümmer, M.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaspar, S.

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Keller, R.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Klein, S. H.

Koeth, J.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, K.

J.-M. Hopkins, N. Hempler, B. Rösener, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Köhler, J. Wagner, and D. Burns, Opt. Lett. 33, 201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Koskinen, R.

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lehnhardt, T.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leong, J. Y. Y.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lorenser, D.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Manz, C.

J.-M. Hopkins, N. Hempler, B. Rösener, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Köhler, J. Wagner, and D. Burns, Opt. Lett. 33, 201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[CrossRef]

Mihoubi, Z.

Monro, T. M.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moser, R.

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Müller, M.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Orsila, L.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ott, V.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otto, R. G.

Paajaste, J.

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Pessa, M.

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quarterman, A.

Rattunde, M.

J.-M. Hopkins, N. Hempler, B. Rösener, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Köhler, J. Wagner, and D. Burns, Opt. Lett. 33, 201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Rautiainen, J.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J.Richardson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richter, D.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I.T.Sorokina and K.L.Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (2003), pp. 445–516.

Ritchie, D. A.

Robinson, P.

Rösener, B.

J.-M. Hopkins, N. Hempler, B. Rösener, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Köhler, J. Wagner, and D. Burns, Opt. Lett. 33, 201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rattunde, B. Rösener, S. Kaspar, R. Moser, C. Manz, K. Köhler, and J. Wagner, “GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers for the 2–3μm wavelength range: versatile lasers for high-power and narrow linewidth emission,” presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, May 16–21, 2010, San Jose, Calif., paper CWE3.

Rössner, K.

A. Härkönen, J. Rautiainen, L. Orsila, M. Guina, K. Rössner, M. Hümmer, T. Lehnhardt, M. Müller, A. Forchel, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, N.

Shafiei, M.

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steakley, B. C.

Stone, R.

Südmeyer, T.

Suomalainen, S.

J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, R. Koskinen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, J. Cryst. Growth 311, 1917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, D.

Targ, R.

Theisen, D.

D. Theisen, V. Ott, H. W. Bernd, V. Danicke, R. Keller, and R. Brinkmann, Proc. SPIE 5142, 96 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

F. K. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I.T.Sorokina and K.L.Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (2003), pp. 445–516.

Tropper, A.

Unold, H. J.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump–probe recovery trace measured from a six quantum well test sample. Double exponential fitting has a fast time component of 0.53 ps and a slow time component of 9 ps . The two small peaks at about 1.5 ps delay appear due to insufficiently suppressed spurious reflections in the pump–probe setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematics of the laser cavity. RoC, radius of curvature; R, reflectivity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output with bi-stable characteristics.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Radio-frequency spectrum of the output pulse train with 881.2 MHz repetition frequency. Resolution bandwidth 1 kHz . Measured with a 2.5 GHz photodiode. Inset, wide-scan rf spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optical spectrum at 1950 nm . (b) Measured interferometric two-photon absorption autocorrelation trace. (c) Intensity autocorrelation traces extracted from the measured interferometric signal (black dots) and calculated from the reconstructed pulse shape (red solid curve). (d) Reconstructed temporal pulse shape (red solid curve) and transform-limited pulse (black dashed curve) calculated from the laser spectrum. Measurement carried out with 8.4 W of pump power.

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