Abstract

We report on multiphoton white-light upconversion in vacuum for Pechini synthesis Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and combustion synthesis (Yb,Y2)O3 nanopowders under IR excitation. Their intense white-light upconversion is attributed to charge transfer luminescence superimposed upon a broadband emission. Unlike common nanoscale phosphors, which show low luminescence efficiency, the intensity of white-light upconversion for nanopowders is similar to that of their bulk counterparts. The luminary efficacy of the upconversion is estimated to be 1015lmW1, and the Commission Internationale d’Eclairage (CIE) coordinates can be widely tuned by the excitation power, pressure, and codoping ratio. The nano-YbAG sample exhibits a longer buildup time for emission, a higher excitation threshold, and a wider CIE range than the oxide nanopowders.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010

J. Wang and P. A. Tanner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 947(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Chang, H. C.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. M.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Dujardin, C.

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, N.

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gluchowski, P.

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guerassimova, N.

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, H. L.

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hreniak, D.

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.-C. L.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Kamenskikh, I. A.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kamenskikh, L.

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M. W.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaviany, M.

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kong, X. L.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Krasikov, D. N.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailin, V. V.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

Pazik, R.

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pedrini, C.

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pédrini, C.

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, A.

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, A. G.

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qin, W.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Rand, S. C.

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Redmond, P.

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, X. L.

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scherbinin, A. V.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, P. A.

J. Wang and P. A. Tanner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 947(2010).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, A.

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vasilev, A. N.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Wang, J.

J. Wang and P. A. Tanner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 947(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Wang, Y.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Wei, G.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Yang, L. W.

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Zhang, Y. Y.

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, J. X.

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, P.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. Wang, Y. M. Chang, H. C. Chang, S. H. Lin, L.-C. L. Huang, X. L. Kong, and M. W. Kang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 405, 314(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

J. Wang and P. A. Tanner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 947(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Redmond, S. C. Rand, X. L. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasilev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, J. Lumin. 128, 1748(2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Guerassimova, N. Garnier, C. Dujardin, A. G. Petrosyan, and C. Pédrini, J. Lumin. 94–95, 11 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Kamenskikh, C. Pedrini, A. Petrosyan, and A. Vasil’ev, J. Lumin. 129, 1509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Gluchowski, R. Pazik, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, J. Lumin. 129, 548 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

L. W. Yang, H. L. Han, Y. Y. Zhang, and J. X. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 18995 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. Cao, W. Qin, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, L. Wang, and L. Jin, Opt. Commun. 281, 1716 (2008).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Upconversion emission spectra of nanoscale powders under 2 × 10 2 mbar pressure. (a) Yb 3 Al 5 O 12 (YbAG) nanopowder under different excitation powers. (b) Comparison of white-light upconversion as indicated (under 1 W irradiation power) with that from a tungsten filament lamp ( 9.5 lm W 1 ) under similar measurement conditions. (c) Trace YbAG or Yb 2 O 3 nanopowder sample attached to a 10 K copper sample holder in a closed-cycle cryostat using 300 mW excitation power. (d) Log–log plot of upconversion intensity for YbAG and ( Yb 0.3 Y 0.7 ) 2 O 3 versus laser diode power.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Color coordinate ranges for upconversion emission of nanopowders under different laser powers: circle, Yb 2 O 3 ; outer ellipse, YbAG; and inner ellipse, ( Yb 0.3 Y 0.7 ) 2 O 3 . The insets are photographs of the upconversion emission of YbAG (top) and Yb 2 O 3 (bottom) nanopowders in the groove of a copper sample holder behind the sapphire window of the closed chamber, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Temporal and (b) pressure dependences of the nanopowder upconversion processes under 500 mW of 975 nm laser diode excitation in vacuum.

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