Abstract

We report the precise characterization of the optical potential obtained by injecting a distributed-feedback erbium-doped fiber laser at 1560nm to the transverse modes of a folded optical cavity. The optical potential was mapped in situ using cold rubidium atoms, whose potential energy was spectrally resolved thanks to the strong differential light shift induced by the 1560nm laser on the two levels of the probe transition. The optical potential obtained in the cavity is suitable for trapping rubidium atoms and eventually to achieve all-optical Bose–Einstein condensation directly in the resonator.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. The two-photon transition on the D2 line is inhibited by selection rules, and it is further suppressed by tuning the laser frequency so as to avoid the resonance condition.

2010 (1)

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Aspect, A.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benhelm, J.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Black, A. T.

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourdel, T.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouyer, P.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brantut, J. P.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brennecke, F.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bux, S.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, H. W.

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clément, J. F.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Courteille, Ph. W.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Saint Vincent, M. Robert

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donner, T.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, Th.

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, R.

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jochim, S.

Kéfélian, F.

Kogelnik, H.

Köhl, M.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, G.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruse, D.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

Leroux, I. D.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Moritz, H.

Mosk, A.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagorny, B.

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nyman, R. A.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, S.

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruder, M.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

Schleier-Smith, M. H.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slama, S.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varoquaux, G.

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

von Cube, C.

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

A. Mosk, S. Jochim, H. Moritz, Th. Elsässer, M. Weidemüller, and R. Grimm, Opt. Lett. 26, 1837 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

F. Brennecke, T. Donner, S. Ritter, T. Bourdel, M. Köhl, and T. Esslinger, Nature 450, 268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

J. P. Brantut, J. F. Clément, M. Robert de Saint Vincent, G. Varoquaux, R. A. Nyman, A. Aspect, T. Bourdel, and P. Bouyer, Phys. Rev. A 78, 031401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Kruse, M. Ruder, J. Benhelm, C. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph. W. Courteille, Th. Elsässer, B. Nagorny, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. A 67, 051802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

V. Vuletić and S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Chan, A. T. Black, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nagorny, Th. Elsässer, and A. Hemmerich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 153003 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Slama, S. Bux, G. Krenz, C. Zimmermann, and Ph. W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

The two-photon transition on the D2 line is inhibited by selection rules, and it is further suppressed by tuning the laser frequency so as to avoid the resonance condition.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Frequency stabilization setup to lock the DFB EDFL to a transverse mode of the folded optical cavity. The fibered and the free-space optical path are shown in blue and red; the electronic connections are shown in black.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency difference noise (top) and relative intensity noise (bottom) versus Fourier frequency of the fiber laser stabilized on the fundamental transverse mode of the optical cavity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top, absorption images with the 1560 nm laser locked to the (a)  TEM 00 , (b)  TEM 10 , and (c)  TEM 20 mode of the cavity, with the detuning of the probe light set to 5 Γ to the red of the transition. Bottom, integral optical density obtained by projecting the upper images on the 45 ° dashed curve crossing one arm of the cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical potential depth induced by the laser at 1560 nm locked to the first three transverse modes of the cavity. Each series of points is fitted with the corresponding Hermite–Gauss mode. Some points at high detuning were removed because of an unstability of the probe laser.

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