Abstract

The operation of a polarization-mode dispersion monitor insensitive to chromatic dispersion is demonstrated at 40Gbits/s. The high-speed processing device is based on the Kerr effect and provides an optical power output as a reading of differential group delay. The monitor is compatible with return-to-zero modulation formats at data rates in excess of 40Gbits/s and does not require the use of high-data-rate electronics.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and C. Yu, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li, and A.E.Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

1996

Agarwal, A.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Bach, R.

Blows, J. L.

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Boskovic, A.

Chernikov, S. V.

Eggleton, B.

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

Einstein, D.

Fishteyn, M.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Jackel, J.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kilper, D. C.

Landolsi, T.

Levring, O. A.

Littler, I. C. M.

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

Luo, T.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

Nezam, S. M. R. M.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

Pan, Z.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and C. Yu, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li, and A.E.Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008).

Parashis, L.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peifang, H.

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

Preiss, M.

Rochette, M.

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

Sahin, A. B.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Wielandy, S.

Willner, A. E.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and C. Yu, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li, and A.E.Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008).

Yan, L. S.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C.

A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and C. Yu, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li, and A.E.Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008).

Yue, Y.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, B.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2177(2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt Express

J.-Y. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Yue, J. Jackel, A. Agarwal, L. Parashis, and A. E. Willner, Opt Express 17, 18171(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and C. Yu, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B, I.P.Kaminow, T.Li, and A.E.Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008).

J. L. Blows, H. Peifang, I. C. M. Littler, M. Rochette, and B. Eggleton, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005 (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 423, pp. 429-430.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

PMD monitor and testing setup. PSD, power spectral density.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup to demonstrate the operation of the PMD monitor in conditions of ideal filtering from BPF 1 (see Fig. 1). CW, cw laser source.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of a 40 GHz sinusoidal signal at the output of the HNLM as a function of DGD · Δ f .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Average power measured between spectral components 1532.1 to 1532.9 nm as a function of the product DGD Δ f and for different values of chromatic dispersion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental spectrum of the RZ signal modulated at 40 G bits / s , before and after filtering with a 50 GHz ( 0.4 nm ) BPF1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical power as a function of DGD at three different power levels at the input of the HNLM. BPF 2 is centered at 1555.25 nm .

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A p 1 ( t ) = P cos ( π Δ f t ) , A p 2 ( t ) = P cos [ π Δ f ( t DGD ) ] ,
ϕ ( t ) = γ L [ | A p 1 ( t ) | 2 + | A p 2 ( t ) | 2 ] ,
E NL i ( t ) = exp ( j ω 0 t ) A p i exp [ j ϕ ( t ) ] ,
cos [ β cos ( ω r t ) ] = J 0 ( β ) n = 1 2 J 2 n ( β ) cos ( 2 n ω r t ) , sin [ β cos ( ω r t ) ] = n = 1 2 J 2 n 1 ( β ) cos ( ( 2 n 1 ) ω r t ) ,
PSD 1 PSD 0 = | E NL i ( ω = ω 0 + 3 2 2 π Δ f ) E NL i ( ω = ω 0 + 1 2 2 π Δ f ) | 2 = [ J 1 2 ( φ SPM / 2 ) + J 2 2 ( φ SPM / 2 ) ] cos 2 ( π Δ f DGD ) J 0 2 ( φ SPM / 2 ) + J 1 2 ( φ SPM / 2 ) ,

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