Abstract

Thermal effects and dynamical hysteresis in VCSELs under dc modulation have been experimentally studied. The results show that the VCSEL turn-on and turn-off currents can display both positive hysteresis and negative hysteresis, depending on the current modulation frequency and on the substrate temperature. Numerical simulations of semiconductor laser rate equations, extended to take into account thermal effects, show a good agreement with the observations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Torre and C. Masoller, “Dynamical hysteresis and thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Masoller and M. S. Torre, Opt. Express 16, 21282 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Masoller and M. S. Torre, Opt. Express 16, 21282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Allerman, A. A.

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Asplund, C.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bromley, D.

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Charasse, B.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chevalier, A.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chitica, N.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

Christiansson, U.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D'Angelo, E. J.

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Geib, K. M.

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grassi, H.

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hammar, M.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

Hong, Y.

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

Leisher, P. O.

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lippi, G. L.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, P.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marin, F.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Masoller, C.

C. Masoller and M. S. Torre, Opt. Express 16, 21282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre and C. Masoller, “Dynamical hysteresis and thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (to be published).

Mathis, C.

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mogg, S.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pandher, R. S.

S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parekh, D.

Paul, J.

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. S.

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Picqué, B.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. N.

S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, R.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, C. Masoller, Y. Hong, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, Opt. Lett. 31, 748 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sivaprakasam, S.

S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sundgren, P.

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Torre, M. S.

C. Masoller and M. S. Torre, Opt. Express 16, 21282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre and C. Masoller, “Dynamical hysteresis and thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (to be published).

Tredicce, J. R.

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Zhang, B.

Zhao, X.

Am. J. Phys. (1)

J. R. Tredicce, G. L. Lippi, P. Mandel, B. Charasse, A. Chevalier, and B. Picqué, Am. J. Phys. 72, 799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. Mogg, N. Chitica, U. Christiansson, R. Schatz, P. Sundgren, C. Asplund, and M. Hammar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, J. Paul, P. S. Paul, and K. A. Shore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, P. O. Leisher, A. A. Allerman, K. M. Geib, and K. D. Choquette, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1078 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Bromley, E. J. D'Angelo, H. Grassi, C. Mathis, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 99, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Sivaprakasam, D. N. Rao, and R. S. Pandher, Opt. Commun. 176, 191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

M. S. Torre and C. Masoller, “Dynamical hysteresis and thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (to be published).

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