Abstract

We present experimental studies of all-optical poling (AOP) in large-core dye-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) plastic optical fibers. We show that the confinement of light within the fiber core permits us to reach the upper limit of second harmonic generation achievable by AOP using repeated trans–cis isomerization. Quantification of the output power indicates self-seeding that can counteract relaxation of the orientation during readout of the induced nonlinearity.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

2008 (1)

Y. Koike, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6629 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Chan, J.-M. Nunzi, A. Quatela, and M. Casalboni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 428, 371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuriki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, Chem. Rev. 102, 2347(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1987 (1)

Bache, M.

Bagien, R. K.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

Casalboni, M.

S. W. Chan, J.-M. Nunzi, A. Quatela, and M. Casalboni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 428, 371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chan, S. W.

S. W. Chan, J.-M. Nunzi, A. Quatela, and M. Casalboni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 428, 371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Charra, F.

Chen, W. D.

Dayton, M.

Dirk, C. W.

Fiorini, C.

Freydank, A. C.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garito, A. F.

Garvey, D. W.

Guo, B.

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Idiart, E.

Jia, Y.

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kajzar, F.

Kitaoka, K.

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koeppen, C.

Koike, Y.

Y. Koike, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6629 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuriki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, Chem. Rev. 102, 2347(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolev, V. Z.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowska, R. M.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuriki, K.

K. Kuriki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, Chem. Rev. 102, 2347(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzyk, M. G.

Lobel, M.

Lorin, A.

Luo, X.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, C. J.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, T. M.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.-M.

Okamoto, Y.

K. Kuriki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, Chem. Rev. 102, 2347(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, G.-D.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Quatela, A.

S. W. Chan, J.-M. Nunzi, A. Quatela, and M. Casalboni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 428, 371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, P.

Samoc, A.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, M.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shi, R. F.

Si, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Si, J. H.

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sounick, J.

Stolen, R. H.

Su, W.

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

Tostenrude, J.

Townsend, J. S.

Wang, G.

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitbread, T.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wittorf, R.

Wong, M. S.

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Young, P.

Zha, C.

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Zimmerman, K.

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. W. Chan, J.-M. Nunzi, A. Quatela, and M. Casalboni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 428, 371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415(1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

K. Kuriki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, Chem. Rev. 102, 2347(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, Z. Meng, and K. Hirao, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3837 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Y. Jia, G. Wang, B. Guo, W. Su, and Q. Zhang, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Jpn J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Kitaoka, J. H. Si, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 39, L363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6629 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. Samoc, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, R. K. Bagien, X. Luo, and C. Zha, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 123(2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. Samoc, M. S. Wong, R. M. Krolikowska, T. M. Martin, C. J. MacLeod, A. C. Freydank, G.-D. Peng, and T. Whitbread, Proc. SPIE 4798, 87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental data and simulated (solid curve) growth of SH during seeding in AOP of fibers, OD fiber 0.89 mm , OD core 0.22 mm of different lengths (mm): 1.2, squares; 2.2, triangles; 2.9, circles; 3.4, crosses; and 4.9, diamonds. SH sat is about 15.4, 15.6, 17.7, 19.2, and 5.4 μW ; τ g is about 7.7, 6.0, 8.1, 8.7, and 18.3 min , respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relaxation of the photoinduced SH signal under ω illumination. The extrapolated SH sat is about 8.8, 13.1, 15.9, and 5.2 μW ; τ d is 245, 257, 822, and 553 min in fibers of lengths: 1.2, 2.2, 3.4, and 4.9 mm , respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SH signal during and after seeding of fibers, OD fiber 0.89 mm , 1.57 mm , OD core: 0.22, 0.39 mm , respectively. The fiber length was 2.2 mm . SH sat = 15.6 and 12.7 μW ; τ g = 3.7 and 9.8 min ; b = 0.998 and 1.026; τ d = 276 and 79 min , respectively.

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