Abstract

We have fabricated a bandgap-guiding hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) capable of transmitting and compressing ultrashort pulses in the green spectral region around 532nm. When propagating subpicosecond pulses through 1m of this fiber, we have observed soliton-effect temporal compression by up to a factor of 3 to around 100fs. This reduces the wavelength at which soliton effects have been observed in hollow-core PCF by over 200nm. We have used the pulses delivered at the output of the fiber to machine micrometer-scale features in copper.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, Opt. Express 11, 1613 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, S.

Clowes, J.

Cook, K.

Correa, R.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dupriez, P.

Farr, L.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gapontsev, V. P.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, A. K.

Gerome, F.

Gérôme, F.

Gorbach, A.

Hansen, T. P.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, W. C.

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Humbert, G.

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

F. Gérôme, P. Dupriez, J. Clowes, J. C. Knight, and W. J. Wadsworth, Opt. Express 16, 2381 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gérôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express 15, 7126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lægsgaard, J.

Luan, F.

Mangan, B.

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Mosley, P. J.

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popov, S. V.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, D.

Roberts, P.

Roberts, P. J.

J. Lægsgaard and P. J. Roberts, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 783 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rulkov, A. B.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, Opt. Express 11, 1613 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabert, H.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D.

Taylor, J. R.

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

F. Gérôme, P. Dupriez, J. Clowes, J. C. Knight, and W. J. Wadsworth, Opt. Express 16, 2381 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gérôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express 15, 7126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Welch, M.

Welch, M. G.

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

Williams, D.

Xiao, D.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, S. V. Popov, A. B. Rulkov, J. R. Taylor, J. Broeng, T. P. Hansen, and V. P. Gapontsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. C. Huang, M. G. Welch, P. J. Mosley, B. J. Mangan, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CWC3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measured attenuation and dispersion of the green-guiding HC-PCF. Inset, electron micrograph of the cleaved end face. The damage around the hollow core was caused during the fiber end face preparation. (b) Apparatus. See text for details.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of (a) spectra and (b) normalized autocorrelation traces for input (dashed) and output (solid) pulses with a 540 nm HC-PCF length of 1 m and input power of 1 W . (c) Peak wavelength and (d) FWHM pulse duration at the 540 nm HC-PCF output as functions of average output power for each fiber length, labeled in meters. (e) Peak output power (normalized to the peak input power) as a function of peak input power and HC-PCF length. Black contour is plotted at unity; power at zero length is scaled by the coupling efficiency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical micrograph of a copper surface after micromachining with 540 nm pulses transmitted through 1 m of HC-PCF. Inset, output spatial mode from the HC-PCF in the far field.

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