Abstract

We show that the propagation of coherent acoustic phonons generated by femtosecond optical excitation can be clearly resolved using a probe laser in the middle UV (MUV) range. The MUV probe is easily produced from a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser and a homemade frequency tripler. We present various experimental results that demonstrate efficient and high frequency detection of acoustic phonons. Thus, we show that the MUV range offers a unique way to reach higher frequencies and probe smaller objects in ultrafast acoustics.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. B. Wright and T. Hyoguchi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1529 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  8. C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, New York, 2007).
  10. H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, New York, 2007).

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1991

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Wright and T. Hyoguchi, Opt. Lett. 16, 1529 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984

Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Bertru, N.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caruyer, G.

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cote, R.

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Côte, R.

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dehaese, O.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devos, A.

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Emery, P.

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fainstein, A.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gershgoren, E. H.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grahn, H. T.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Groenen, J.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hyoguchi, T.

J., T.

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jusserand, B.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre, A.

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lemaître, A.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lide, D.

D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, New York, 2007).

Lin, H.-N.

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mante, P.-A.

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maris, H.

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Maris, H. J.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, B.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poinsotte, F.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponchet, A.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robillard, J.-F.

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roch-Jeune, I.

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rozas, G.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semenova, E.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Siemens, M. E.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stoner, R.

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tauc, J.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tobey, R. I.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winter, M. F. P.

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wright, O. B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Devos, R. Côte, G. Caruyer, and A. Lefèvre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

H.-N. Lin, R. Stoner, H. Maris, and T. J., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3816 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, and I. Roch-Jeune, Phys. Rev. B 76, 092301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Devos, J.-F. Robillard, R. Cote, and P. Emery, Phys. Rev. B 74, 064114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Robillard, A. Devos, I. Roch-Jeune, and P.-A. Mante, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4129 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Devos, F. Poinsotte, J. Groenen, O. Dehaese, N. Bertru, and A. Ponchet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 207402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rozas, M. F. P. Winter, B. Jusserand, A. Fainstein, B. Perrin, E. Semenova, and A. Lemaître, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 015502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, New York, 2007).

Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for UA using a NIR pump and a UV probe produced by frequency tripling. The enlargement (right) gives an insight into the third-harmonic generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transient reflectivity measured on three different samples at 267 nm . The thermal background and the electronic peak have been substracted when needed. (a) Echoes detected in a W film deposited on Si. (b) Brillouin oscillations in a thin AlN layer. (c) Reflectivity step detected in SiO 2 / W / Si (visible near 170 ps ). (d) Wavelength dependence of the reflectivity step shown in (c); the solid curve is the theoretical result, and filled circles are experimental data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) and (b) Transient reflectivity measured on a 2D phononic crystal made of 100 nm cubes organized along a 300 nm square lattice. (c) Fourier transform, frequencies, and propagating directions of collective modes.

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