Abstract

Generation of sub-50fs vacuum UV pulses with more than 2.5μJ energy at a 1kHz repetition rate is reported. The pulses at 160nm are produced using noncollinear difference-frequency four-wave mixing between the fundamental and third harmonics of an amplified Ti:sapphire laser in argon. While the pulse duration is maintained by increasing the phase-matching pressure, noncollinear interaction improves the conversion efficiency by 1 order of magnitude in comparison with the previous results in collinear geometry.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (2)

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Lett. 35, 1491 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

A. Penzkofer and H. J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

J. F. Reintjes, in Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, 1984), Chap. 2.

1975 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Abdollahpour, D.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babushkin, I.

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beutler, M.

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Borguet, E.

Börzsönyi, A.

Cavallari, M.

Chen, C.

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Trapani, P.

Ding, L.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, T. J.

Dubietis, A.

Eichmann, H.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

Farmanara, P.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Feuerhake, M.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Freyer, W.

Fuss, W.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 7514 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, Opt. Lett. 33, 723 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gale, G. M.

Ghotbi, M.

Hache, F.

Heiner, Z.

Herrmann, J.

Hertel, I. V.

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Lett. 35, 1491 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

Isaienko, O.

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Kanai, T.

Kanda, T.

Kittelmann, O.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, R.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 7514 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, Opt. Lett. 33, 723 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovács, A. P.

Lehmeier, H. J.

A. Penzkofer and H. J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mero, M.

Momma, C.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mossavi, K.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Osvay, K.

Papazoglou, D. G.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

A. Penzkofer and H. J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

Polesana, P.

Radloff, W.

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reintjes, J. F.

J. F. Reintjes, in Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, 1984), Chap. 2.

Ringling, J.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 7514 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, Opt. Lett. 33, 723 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekikawa, T.

Steinkellner, O.

P. Tzankov, O. Steinkellner, J. Zheng, M. Mero, W. Freyer, A. Husakou, I. Babushkin, J. Herrmann, and F. Noack, Opt. Express 15, 6389 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stert, V.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suntsov, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tamošauskas, G.

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Togash, T.

Tong, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 7514 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, Opt. Lett. 33, 723 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzankov, P.

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

Valtna, H.

Wang, J.

Watanabe, S.

Wellegehausen, B.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wick, M. T.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanai, T. Kanda, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, T. Togash, C. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 370 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zheng, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, and R. Komatsu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1532 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 7514 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Wittmann, M. T. Wick, O. Steinkellner, P. Farmanara, V. Stert, W. Radloff, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Commun. 173, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. Wellegehausen, H. Welling, C. Momma, M. Feuerhake, K. Mossavi, and H. Eichmann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 267 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Penzkofer and H. J. Lehmeier, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 815 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. F. Reintjes, in Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, 1984), Chap. 2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wave-vector diagram: noncollinear PM between the FF and TH beams in the FWDFM process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pressure dependence of the non collinear angle, φ, between the FF and TH beams in the phase-matched FWDFM process for FiH generation in argon. Theoretical calculation for the PM curve (solid curve) and experimental data (stars) are shown. Inset, theoretical calculation (solid curve) and experimental data (stars) showing the dependence of the generated VUV pulse energy on pressure at a fixed noncollinear angle of φ 15 mrad . Both the calculated curve and the experimental data are normalized.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-correlation trace between the fundamental and VUV pulses in a xenon-filled TOF mass spectrometer. The cross-correlation signal is the measured ion rate. The FWHM of 50 fs for the Gaussian fit corresponds to a pulse duration of 43 fs . Inset, typical spectrum of the generated VUV pulses at 160 nm and 440 mbar with an FWHM of 1.3 nm .

Equations (1)

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I 5 ω N 2 | X ( 3 ) | 2 I ω I 3 ω 2 L 2 sinc 2 ( Δ k L / 2 ) n ω n 3 ω 2 λ 5 ω 2 ,

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