Abstract

In this Letter, we report single-mode fibers made of chalcogenide glasses with low loss in the 512μm range. Glasses from the Ge–As–Te–Se system were optimized to prevent nucleation and to exhibit low density of charge carriers. Single-mode fibers were obtained through the rod-in-tube method by substituting 2% Te/Se between the core and cladding glasses. The resulting single-mode fibers had a core diameter of 30μm and exhibited losses of ~6 dB/m at 10.6μm, and as low as 34dB/m in the 610μm range.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Lund and H. Bonnet, C. R. Acad. Sci. 2, 137 (2001).
  4. L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Eytan, B. A. Sela, and A. Katzir, Appl. Opt. 39, 3357(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Mossadegh, J. S. Sanghera, D. Schaafsma, B. J. Cole, V. Q. Nguyen, R. E. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 214 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Plédel, A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, B. Bureau, P. A. Van Nijnatten, W. L. M. Gielesen, J. Pereira do Carmo, and J. Lucas, Opt. Express 15, 12529 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Yang and P. Lucas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2920 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang and P. Lucas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2920 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Plédel, A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, B. Bureau, P. A. Van Nijnatten, W. L. M. Gielesen, J. Pereira do Carmo, and J. Lucas, Opt. Express 15, 12529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114(2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

G. Lund and H. Bonnet, C. R. Acad. Sci. 2, 137 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

R. Mossadegh, J. S. Sanghera, D. Schaafsma, B. J. Cole, V. Q. Nguyen, R. E. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonnet, H.

G. Lund and H. Bonnet, C. R. Acad. Sci. 2, 137 (2001).

Boussard-Pledel, C.

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boussard-Plédel, C.

Boussard-Plédel, Q. C. C.

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bureau, B.

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Plédel, A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, B. Bureau, P. A. Van Nijnatten, W. L. M. Gielesen, J. Pereira do Carmo, and J. Lucas, Opt. Express 15, 12529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

Churbanov, M. F.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B. J.

Danto, S.

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eytan, O.

Faber, A. J.

Fink, Y.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fridlund, M.

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114(2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, F.

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gielesen, W. L. M.

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houizot, P.

Inagawa, I.

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaltenegger, L.

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114(2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaster, J.

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Katzir, A.

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Eytan, B. A. Sela, and A. Katzir, Appl. Opt. 39, 3357(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kung, F. H.

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Lavi, Y.

Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
[CrossRef]

Lewi, T.

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Plédel, A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, B. Bureau, P. A. Van Nijnatten, W. L. M. Gielesen, J. Pereira do Carmo, and J. Lucas, Opt. Express 15, 12529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, P.

Z. Yang and P. Lucas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2920 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lund, G.

G. Lund and H. Bonnet, C. R. Acad. Sci. 2, 137 (2001).

Miklos, R.

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Miklos, R. E.

Millo, A.

Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moritomo, S.

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mossadegh, R.

Nagli, L.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

R. Mossadegh, J. S. Sanghera, D. Schaafsma, B. J. Cole, V. Q. Nguyen, R. E. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Pereira do Carmo, J.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pureza, P. C.

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Rave, E.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riley, M. R.

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

R. Mossadegh, J. S. Sanghera, D. Schaafsma, B. J. Cole, V. Q. Nguyen, R. E. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

Schaafsma, D.

Sela, B. A.

Shalem, S.

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shiratoni, I.

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiryaev, V. S.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Snopatin, G. E.

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsun, A.

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Van Nijnatten, P. A.

Wilhelm, A. A.

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, T.

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang and P. Lucas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2920 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X. H. Zhang, F. Smektala, and J. Lucas, Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

A. A. Wilhelm, Q. C. C. Boussard-Plédel, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, Adv. Mater. 19, 3796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res. (1)

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114(2005).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

P. Lucas, M. R. Riley, C. Boussard-Pledel, and B. Bureau, Anal. Biochem. 351, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, S. Shalem, A. Tsun, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Lewi, A. Tsun, A. Katzir, J. Kaster, and F. Fuchs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 261105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lavi, A. Millo, and A. Katzir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241122(2005).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lund and H. Bonnet, C. R. Acad. Sci. 2, 137 (2001).

Inorg. Mater. (1)

G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Z. Yang and P. Lucas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2920 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, R. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 737(1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Mossadegh, J. S. Sanghera, D. Schaafsma, B. J. Cole, V. Q. Nguyen, R. E. Miklos, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Inagawa, S. Moritomo, T. Yamashita, and I. Shiratoni, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Differential scanning calorimetry trace of Ge 20 As 20 Te 45 Se 15 glass compared to that of Ge 10 As 15 Te 75 glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output images of a series of core/ cladding Ge–As–Te–Se glass fibers with various core diameters d core ( d clad / d core = 5 ): (a) d core = 60 μm , (b) d core = 50 μm , (c) d core = 40 μm , (d) d core = 30 μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attenuation of a single-mode Ge–As–Te–Se fiber in the 5 12 μm range; the inset is an optical micrograph of the fiber 150 μm in diameter.

Equations (1)

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V = 2 π ρ λ n co 2 n cl 2 ,

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