Abstract

A stable C- and L-band tunable fiber ring laser, using a two-taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as a filter, is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. One of the two taper waists is mechanically bent to tune the laser wavelength. Being amplified by an L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier and an erbium-doped fiber, respectively, the fiber ring laser has a full L-band (15641605nm) and C-band (15501565nm) tuning range with a side-mode suppression ratio as high as 50dB. The laser linewidth and the minimum tuning step are related to the MZI’s cavity length. It was also found that thermal annealing relieved the internal stresses of the tapers and greatly improved the laser performance.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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1999

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[CrossRef]

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Z. Tian, S. S. H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H.-P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
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Greig, P.

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Loock, H.-P.

Z. Tian, S. S. H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H.-P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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G. Sun, Y. Zhou, Y. Hu, and Y. Chung, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Z. Tian, S. S. H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H.-P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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T. Wei, X. Lan, and H. Xiao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Tian, S. S. H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H.-P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

G. Sun, Y. Zhou, Y. Hu, and Y. Chung, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

J. Stone and L. W. Stulz, Electron. Lett. 23, 781 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. J Optoelectron.

R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, F. Gonthier, and J. D. Love, IEE Proc. J Optoelectron. 138, 355 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

T. Wei, X. Lan, and H. Xiao, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, Y. Zhou, Y. Hu, and Y. Chung, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, S. S. H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H.-P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of a two-taper MZI. D, diameter of SMF; d, diameter of the taper waist; L, the cavity length. (b) Microscope image of a representative taper. The scale bar is 50 μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup of the L-band tunable ring laser using a two-taper MZI filter. Tuning characteristics of the ring laser with I EDFA = 63 mA and L = 35 cm (b) before annealing and (c) after annealing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup of the C-band tunable ring laser incorporating a two-taper MZI filter. (b) SMSR of laser output versus pump current. (c) Tuning characteristics after annealing with pump current I EDF = 1 A .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser tuning is realized by bending the taper along the x, y, and z axes. The black square and the red circle symbols represent the laser wavelength tuning cycles. While keeping (a) Δ y = 0 , Δ x = 0 , (b) Δ y = 0.5 mm , Δ x = 0 , and (c) Δ y = 0.5 mm , Δ x = 0.5 mm , the laser is tuned by moving the stage along the z axis.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Laser Characteristics Using MZIs with Different Lengths

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