Abstract

We present a new second-harmonic (SH) imaging technique to study the domains in a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 nonlinear photonic crystal by using a femtosecond laser. By detecting the SH images at different planes, the distribution of the 180°-inverted ferroelectric domains can be characterized, and the contributions of different nonlinear tensor components, modulated differently in the domain structure, can be selectively determined. Fundamental understanding and potential applications of such SH imaging techniques for the inverted nonlinear domain structures are presented and discussed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2004 (3)

A. Fragemann, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

W. D. Johnston Jr., Phys. Rev. B 1, 3494 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. M. Saltiel, Appl. Phys. B 85, 97 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. Saltiel, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MB22.

Bang, O.

Betzler, K.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Broderick, N. G. R.

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B.

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C.

Fiebig, M.

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, R.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fragemann, A.

A. Fragemann, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frohlich, D.

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallo, K.

Ganany, A.

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. M. Saltiel, Appl. Phys. B 85, 97 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. Saltiel, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MB22.

Gao, Z. D.

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gawith, C. B. E.

Goltsev, A. V.

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J. L.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, C.-C.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Irzhak, D. V.

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ji, S. H.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnston, W. D.

W. D. Johnston Jr., Phys. Rev. B 1, 3494 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kokhanchik, L. S.

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kung, A. H.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

A. Fragemann, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lottermoser, Th.

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, B.

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Min, N. B.

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ming, N. B.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ni, P.

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Nishioka, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Odajima, W.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

A. Fragemann, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L.-H.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pisarev, R. V.

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Punegov, D. V.

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Z.

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

Rivera, J.

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roshchupkin, D. V.

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. Saltiel, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MB22.

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. M. Saltiel, Appl. Phys. B 85, 97 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, H.

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, P. G. R.

Sun, J.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tateno, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tunyagi, A. R.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ulex, M.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Aken, Bas B.

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, P.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, X. Q.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. M. Saltiel, Appl. Phys. B 85, 97 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Fragemann, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Ni, B. Ma, X. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

Bas B. Van Aken, J. Rivera, H. Schmid, and M. Fiebig, Nature 449, 702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. D. Johnston Jr., Phys. Rev. B 1, 3494 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Z. D. Gao, Z. Qi, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Min, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Solid State (1)

D. V. Irzhak, L. S. Kokhanchik, D. V. Punegov, and D. V. Roshchupkin, Phys. Solid State 51, 1500 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, H. Nishioka, K. Ueda, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, K. Sasaki, and A. V. Butashin, Quantum Electron. 26, 381 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Ganany, A. Arie, and S. Saltiel, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MB22.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: (a) sample domain structure, (b) near-field SH imaging from the camera, (c) far-field SH imaging projected on the screen.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Rows from top to bottom are far-field images, near-field images, and simulations, respectively. (a), (d) Uninverted sample; the others correspond to the hexagonally poled sample. The focused beam spot is 50 μ m in (a), (b), (d), (e); 20 μ m in (c), (f). (g) The unit cell used for the simulations. (h), (i) Simulated SH images from d T and d 31 , respectively. The inset in (b) is the enlarged center part of the screen image; the inset in (h) is the simulated SH image with d T at the L eff = 100 λ plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field SH images with a focal spot of 3 μ m .

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