Abstract

It is shown that the continuum emission produced in the ablation of an Al target with nanosecond laser pulses is much more strongly polarized than the discrete line emission. This effect may be utilized to improve the resolution of the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy spectrum by using a polarizer to filter out the continuum background. The effects of laser fluence and focal position are also reported. It is further shown that the lifetime of the emission closely tracks the intensity spectrum.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Cremers and J. L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).
  3. T.Fujimoto and A.Iwamae, eds., Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy (Springer, 2007).
  4. T. Fujimoto, Plasma Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 2004).
  5. L. Dudragne, P. Adam, and J. Amouroux, Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Zhao, S. Singha, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 34, 494 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. M. Milchberg and J. C. Weisheit, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1023 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. L. Eland, D. N. Stratis, D. M. Gold, S. R. Goode, and M. Angel, Appl. Spectrosc. 55, 286 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, S. Singha, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 34, 494 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

K. L. Eland, D. N. Stratis, D. M. Gold, S. R. Goode, and M. Angel, Appl. Spectrosc. 55, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. Dudragne, P. Adam, and J. Amouroux, Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

H. M. Milchberg and J. C. Weisheit, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1023 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P.

Aguilera, J. A.

J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Amouroux, J.

Angel, M.

Aragón, C.

J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, O.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bassiotis, I.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, B.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chaker, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cielo, P.

L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cremers, D. A.

D. A. Cremers and J. L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Diamantopoulou, A.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dudragne, L.

Eland, K. L.

Fujimoto, T.

T. Fujimoto, Plasma Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 2004).

Giannoudakos, A.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gold, D. M.

Goode, S. R.

Gordon, R. J.

J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, S. Singha, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 34, 494 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kompitsas, M.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laville, S.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Le Drogoff, B.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, S. Singha, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 34, 494 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Margot, J.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

H. M. Milchberg and J. C. Weisheit, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1023 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Peñalba, F.

J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Penczak, J. S.

J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radziemski, J. L.

D. A. Cremers and J. L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, F.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sarger, L.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, J. P.

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

Singha, S.

Y. Zhao, S. Singha, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 34, 494 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sirven, J. B.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

St.-Onge, L.

L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stratis, D. N.

Thakur, S. N.

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

Vidal, F.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

von Kaenel, Y.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weisheit, J. C.

H. M. Milchberg and J. C. Weisheit, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1023 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Witt, T. E.

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

J. A. Aguilera, C. Aragón, and F. Peñalba, Appl. Surf. Sci. 127-129, 309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (1)

L. St.-Onge, M. Sabsabi, and P. Cielo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 997 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. S. Penczak, Y. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 13310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. M. Milchberg and J. C. Weisheit, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1023 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (3)

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. A. Cremers and J. L. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

T.Fujimoto and A.Iwamae, eds., Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy (Springer, 2007).

T. Fujimoto, Plasma Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plasma emission spectra produced by nanosecond laser ablation of Al at a fluence of 32 J cm 2 . The laser focus was set to obtain maximum S/B. (a) PRLIBS spectrum with the polarizer angle set to minimize transmission of polarized light (solid curve) and the polarization spectrum obtained from Malus plots of the polarizer transmission (dots). (b) Comparison of the PRLIBS spectrum and the conventional LIBS spectrum obtained without a polarizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plasma emission spectra produced by femtosecond laser ablation of Al at a fluence of 6.4 J cm 2 . Other details are the same as in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effect of fluence on (a) the nanosecond-PRLIBS spectrum and (b) the polarization spectrum of Al. The fluences correspond to pulse energies of 25, 50, and 100 μ J .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effect of laser focus on (a) the LIBS, (b) PRLIBS, and (c) polarization spectra of Al. The curves are for different focal points of the laser measured in millimeters, with negative values corresponding to the focus above the target. The laser fluence was 8 J cm 2 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the decay time and PRLIBS spectrum of Al. The laser fluence was 32 J cm 2 , and the focus was set to maximize S/B.

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