Abstract

We report the phase-transparent optical data exchange of differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals by exploiting the parametric depletion of nondegenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) in a highly nonlinear fiber. Theoretical analyses of nondegenerate FWM involving two signals and two pumps are presented. Analytical solutions are derived, indicating the exchange condition and the feasibility of phase-transparent data exchange. Optical data exchange between 10.7Gbit/s non-return-to-zero DPSK (NRZ-DPSK) and return-to-zero DPSK signals is implemented with a power penalty of ~1.5 dB at a bit-error rate (BER) of 10−9. Moreover, we demonstrate phase-transparent optical data exchange between two 40Gbit/s NRZ-DPSK signals with a power penalty of ~4.5 dB at a BER of 10−9.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, 2008), Chap. 6.
  2. K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.
  8. K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2007

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bakhtiari, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Cheung, H. K. Y.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y. H.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fazal, I.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Fung, R. W. L.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, S. L.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mori, K.

K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

Nuccio, S. R.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Saruwatari, M.

K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. M.

J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, 2008), Chap. 6.

Takara, H.

K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, K.

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Wong, K. K. Y.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Xiao-Li, Y.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Yilmaz, O. F.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 35, 1067(2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

Zhang, L.

Electron. Lett.

K. Mori, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 33, 520 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 838 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, 2008), Chap. 6.

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, Y. Xiao-Li, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yue, I. Fazal, R. Hellwarth, and A. E. Willner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMT6.

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