Abstract

We investigate nonlinear propagation and self-focusing of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses in an 800-nm-thick silica nanoweb fiber. Different dispersion regimes are accessible by launching TE- or TM-polarized light. Excitation in the anomalous dispersion regime (TM) results in pulse splitting and spectral broadening, which lead to supercontinuum generation, whereas, for normal dispersion (TE, excited close to a zero dispersion wavelength), self-phase modulation causes spectral broadening, which leads at higher power to beam collapse and the creation of a damage track.

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2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

P. St.J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1990 (2)

1988 (1)

S. Maneuf, R. Desailly, and C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 65, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. H. Marburger, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, A. M. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, M. K. Oliver, J. L. Jackel, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Vogel, and P. W. E. Smith, Opt. Lett. 15, 471 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Ad, S.

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Brodeur, A.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 637 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Couairon, A.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desailly, R.

S. Maneuf, R. Desailly, and C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 65, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.

Diels, J.-C.

Eisenberg, H. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froehly, C.

S. Maneuf, R. Desailly, and C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 65, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gaizauskas, E.

Garmire, E.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

Jarutis, V.

Joly, N. Y.

Juodkazis, S.

Kang, J. U.

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Leaird, D. E.

Maneuf, S.

S. Maneuf, R. Desailly, and C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 65, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

J. H. Marburger, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

Mizeikis, V.

Morandotti, R.

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oliver, M. K.

Prade, B.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, D.

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St.J.

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Skryabin, D. V.

Smith, P. W. E.

Stegeman, G. I.

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townes, C. H.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanagas, E.

Vogel, E. M.

Weiner, A. M.

Yulin, A.

Yulin, A. V.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1784 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Maneuf, R. Desailly, and C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 65, 193 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, G. I. Stegeman, and N. Akhmediev, Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 649 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 1005 (1965).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479 (1964).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, R. Morandotti, Y. Silberberg, S. Bar-Ad, D. Ross, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. H. Marburger, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. St.J. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Upper, SEM showing the central part of the cross section of the nanoweb fiber; lower, thickness profile of the nanoweb measured from high magnification SEMs. (b) Schematic of the different nanoweb thickness profiles. (c) Calculated and measured GVD curves for TE and TM modes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Top view (optical micrograph) of the nanoweb, its edges marked by dashed lines. The scattered light in the center of the picture indicates the position of the damage track. (b) SEM of the side face of a focused ion beam (FIB) cut through the damage track. The dark gray material, A, is the orig inal nanoweb and B is material redeposited during milling. The extent of the original damage pits is marked by the vertical double-headed arrow. The vertical grooves extending downward below the pits are an artefact of the FIB milling process. (c) Spectral evolution of the TM mode for increasing input power (blue, 10 mW ; red, 17.5 mW ; black, 31 mW ). The vertical arrow marks the laser wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

FROG traces of the fiber output for (a) the TM mode at an input power of 7.5 mW and (b) the TE mode at an input power of 30 mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission of the nanoweb for increasing input power (squares, nanoweb without damage track; circles, nanoweb with damage track).

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