Abstract

Fluorescence diffuse imaging (FDI) suffers from limited spatial resolution. In this Letter, we report a scanning imaging approach to increase the resolution of FDI using nonlinear fluorophores. The resolution of a linear fluorophore was compared with nonlinear upconverting nanoparticles (NaYF4:Yb3+/Tm3+) in a tissue phantom. A resolution improvement of a factor of 1.3 was found experimentally. Simulations suggested a maximum resolution improvement of a factor of 1.45. Usage of nonlinear fluorophores is a promising method for increasing the spatial resolution in FDI.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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