Abstract

A wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) coupler has been made with a bending-insensitive holey optical fiber (HOF) by using the fused biconical tapered (FBT) method. The transmission band of the proposed HOF WDM coupler could be easily tuned by adjusting the pulling length during the FBT process. Interestingly, it was observed that the air-hole structure of the HOF should be maintained to have the property of a WDM coupler. As the air holes collapse, the HOF WDM exhibits high-pass-filter-like properties. The cross-sectional scanning electron microscope images of the implemented HOF WDM coupler are presented along with the light intensity distribution measured at the coupling region of the coupler. The proposed HOF couplers may also find applications in optical coarse WDM systems and optical fiber sensors.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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B. Yao, K. Ohsono, Y. Kurosawa, T. Kumagai, Y. Namekawa, and M. Tachikura, “A study of utilization holey fibers,” IEICE Optical Fiber Technology Technical Report, Vol. 82, pp. 47–50 (2003).

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Yamashita, H.

Y. Ishii and H. Yamashita, Fujitsu Sci. Tech. J. 45, 346 (2009).

Yang, G.-H.

Yao, B.

B. Yao, K. Ohsono, Y. Kurosawa, T. Kumagai, Y. Namekawa, and M. Tachikura, “A study of utilization holey fibers,” IEICE Optical Fiber Technology Technical Report, Vol. 82, pp. 47–50 (2003).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Magi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 81, 377 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujitsu Sci. Tech. J. (1)

Y. Ishii and H. Yamashita, Fujitsu Sci. Tech. J. 45, 346 (2009).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Y.-G. Han, Y. J. Lee, G. H. Kim, H. S. Cho, S. B. Lee, C. H. Jeong, C. H. Oh, and H. G. Kang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 1783 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Takeuchi, M. Hirayama, S. Sumida, and O. Kobayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

B. Yao, K. Ohsono, Y. Kurosawa, T. Kumagai, Y. Namekawa, and M. Tachikura, “A study of utilization holey fibers,” IEICE Optical Fiber Technology Technical Report, Vol. 82, pp. 47–50 (2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pull signatures of the fiber couplers fabricated with HOF (upper red curve) and with conventional SMF (lower blue curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Side-view optical microscope image of the HOF coupler with 21 mm elongation length; (b) SEM image of a cross section near the very center, (c) a little apart from the very center, and (d) a bird’s-eye view; and (e) light intensity distribution at the fused area.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectrum measured at both output channels of two overcoupled HOF couplers with elongation lengths of (a) 21 and (b) 23 mm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectrum of an HOF coupler, taken as the elongation length was increased from 33.1 to 34.3 mm . The inset is the SEM image of the cross section of the fused area.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER performance of SMF WDM and HOF WDM couplers with/without 6 mm bending radius measured with respect to the received optical power at 1550 nm .

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