Abstract

Recently, it was demonstrated by Gansel et al. [Science 325, 1513 (2009)] that 3D single-helical metamaterials can serve as broadband circular polarizers in the IR range. In this study, we propose a structured metamaterial with double-helical nanowires to construct circular polarizers with boarder wavelength bands in the visible-light and near-IR regions. Using the finite-difference time-domain method, we confirmed that the circular polarizers with the double-helical structures have operation bands more than 50% broader than those of the single-helical structures.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (2)

2009 (1)

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

I. Abdulhalim, Appl. Opt. 47, 3002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Mitov and N. Dessaud, Nat. Mater. 5, 361 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

G. De Filpo, F. P. Nicoletta, and G. Chidichimo, Adv. Mater. 17, 1150 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1994 (2)

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Harms, R. Mittra, and W. Ko, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 42, 1317 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abdulhalim, I.

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Burger, S.

Cao, H.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chidichimo, G.

G. De Filpo, F. P. Nicoletta, and G. Chidichimo, Adv. Mater. 17, 1150 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Claborn, K.

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Filpo, G.

G. De Filpo, F. P. Nicoletta, and G. Chidichimo, Adv. Mater. 17, 1150 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Decker, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dessaud, N.

M. Mitov and N. Dessaud, Nat. Mater. 5, 361 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Djurisic, A. B.

Doornkamp, C.

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dzwolak, W.

A. Loksztejn and W. Dzwolak, J. Mol. Biol. 395, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elazar, J. M.

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, Opt. Express 18, 1059 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Ha, N. Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harms, P.

P. Harms, R. Mittra, and W. Ko, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 42, 1317 (1994).
[CrossRef]

He, W. L.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed. (Addison-Wesley, 2002).

Hikmet, R. A. M.

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, Nature 392, 476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, S. M.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kahr, B.

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaminsky, W.

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kemperman, H.

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, Nature 392, 476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. N.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ko, W.

P. Harms, R. Mittra, and W. Ko, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 42, 1317 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kraus, J. D.

J. D. Kraus and R. J. Marhefka, Antennas: for All Applications, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Kurihara, S.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurimoto, M.

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, Opt. Express 18, 1059 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loksztejn, A.

A. Loksztejn and W. Dzwolak, J. Mol. Biol. 395, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lub, J.

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Majewski, M. L.

Marhefka, R. J.

J. D. Kraus and R. J. Marhefka, Antennas: for All Applications, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Mitov, M.

M. Mitov and N. Dessaud, Nat. Mater. 5, 361 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mittra, R.

P. Harms, R. Mittra, and W. Ko, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 42, 1317 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moritsugu, M.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicoletta, F. P.

G. De Filpo, F. P. Nicoletta, and G. Chidichimo, Adv. Mater. 17, 1150 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, S.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nonaka, T.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ogata, T.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuka, Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Puklin-Faucher, E.

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakic, A. D.

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzaki, G.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takanishi, Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takezoe, H.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van de Witte, P.

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vogels, J. P. A.

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. P.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Wegener, S. Burger, and S. Linden, Opt. Express 18, 1059 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegh, R. T.

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J. M.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. A.

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshioka, T.

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (3)

J. Lub, P. van de Witte, C. Doornkamp, J. P. A. Vogels, and R. T. Wegh, Adv. Mater. 15, 1420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. De Filpo, F. P. Nicoletta, and G. Chidichimo, Adv. Mater. 17, 1150 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshioka, T. Ogata, T. Nonaka, M. Moritsugu, S. N. Kim, and S. Kurihara, Adv. Mater. 17, 1226 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. (1)

P. Harms, R. Mittra, and W. Ko, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 42, 1317 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

K. Claborn, E. Puklin-Faucher, M. Kurimoto, W. Kaminsky, and B. Kahr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14825 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

J. M. Xiao, H. Cao, W. L. He, Z. Ma, J. Geng, L. P. Wang, G. Wang, and H. A. Yang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 2973(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Biol. (1)

A. Loksztejn and W. Dzwolak, J. Mol. Biol. 395, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (2)

M. Mitov and N. Dessaud, Nat. Mater. 5, 361 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, Nat. Mater. 7, 43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, Nature 392, 476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. D. Kraus and R. J. Marhefka, Antennas: for All Applications, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed. (Addison-Wesley, 2002).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (4668 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (4782 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the optical circular polarizer used in numerical simulations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the optical performances between single- and double-helical nanowire metamaterials: (a), (b) Au single- and double-helix; (c), (d) Al single- and double-helix.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-frame excerpts from video clips simulating the RCP and LCP light propagation through the Al circular polarizer: (a) RCP light (Media 1), (b) LCP light (Media 2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical performances of circular polarizers with different numbers of helix period.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the Optical Performances between Single- and Double-Helical Nanowire Metamaterials

Equations (2)

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T ( t ) = exp [ 1 2 ( t t off t w ) 2 ] sin ( ω t ) ,
ε r ( ω ) = [ 1 Ω 2 ω ( ω i Γ 0 ) ] + [ j = 1 k f j ω p 2 ( ω j 2 ω 2 ) + i ω Γ j ] ,

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