Abstract

Guiding properties of nanoscale metallic wire waveguides embedded in a semiconductor are discussed. By performing eigenmode numerical simulations of the waveguide and continually varying the geometrical cross-section parameters, we have obtained comprehensive mode characteristics, such as the effective refractive index, effective mode area, and propagation length, that provide full guided mode description. This allows us to gain insight into possible waveguide applications using the figures of merit. Amplification and polarization manipulation of a plasmonic signal in such a waveguide have also been considered.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  2. A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Liu, Z. Han, and S. He, Opt. Express 13, 6645 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. A. Wurtz, W. Dickson, D. O’Connor, R. Atkinson, W. Hendren, P. Evans, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Express 16, 7460 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Boltasseva, V. S. Volkov, R. B. Nielsen, E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Opt. Express 16, 5252 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Berini, Opt. Lett. 24, 1011 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Buckley and P. Berini, Opt. Express 15, 12174 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, and Y. Feinman, Opt. Express 12, 4072 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Jung, T. Sondergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E.D.Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1984).
  16. T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

R. Buckley and P. Berini, Opt. Express 15, 12174 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jung, T. Sondergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, Z. Han, and S. He, Opt. Express 13, 6645 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1988 (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

1987 (1)

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

E.D.Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1984).

Atkinson, R.

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baudrion, A.-L.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Boltasseva, A.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, R.

Dereux, A.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickson, W.

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, P.

Feinman, Y.

Gonzalez, M. U.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.

He, S.

Hendren, W.

Jung, J.

J. Jung, T. Sondergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, K.

Laluet, J.-Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsen, M. S.

Leosson, K.

Liu, L.

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, E.

Mukai, T.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nezhad, M. P.

Nielsen, R. B.

Nikolajsen, T.

O’Connor, D.

Pollard, R.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

Saitoh, T.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sondergaard, T.

J. Jung, T. Sondergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tetz, K.

Volkov, V. S.

Weeber, J.-C.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wurtz, G. A.

Zayats, A. V.

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Jung, T. Sondergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E.D.Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1984).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Field map of power flow P z of the long-range SPP mode supported by a 200 nm × 100 nm waveguide at λ = 1550 nm . Solid curves correspond to the vertical and horizontal cross sections of the power flow P z . Arrows show the direction of the electric field. Inset: studied Au ( n 1 = 0.55 11.5 i ) / In Ga As P ( n 2 = 3.3737 ) metallic wire waveguide with width w and height h, having corners rounded with r = 5 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Real part of the effective refractive index, (b) effective mode area, and (c) propagation length of the mode as functions of waveguide geometrical parameters for Au nanowire waveguide embedded in InGaAsP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Figures of merit: (a) M 1 = 2 π L prop / S , (b) M 2 = ( Re ( n eff ) n 2 ) / Im ( n eff ) , and (c) M 3 = Re ( n eff ) / ( 2 π Im ( n eff ) ) as functions of waveguide geometrical parameters for Au nanowire waveguide embedded in InGaAsP.

Metrics