Abstract

We create a transient Bragg grating in a high-harmonic generation medium using two counterpropagating pulses. The Bragg grating disperses the harmonics in angle and can diffract a large bandwidth with temporal resolution limited only by the source size.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Laser Phys. 3, 359 (1993).
  4. M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B 42, 211001 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. D Fayer, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 33, 63 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 1995).
  12. Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 1987).
  15. P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. At intensities of up to 3×1014W/cm2, the harmonics are still angularly resolved, but the curve in Fig. becomes strongly dominated by H21 and H23. This is because of the particular shape of the spectrum in our calculation, partly caused by suppressing the long trajectory contribution (because it is, in general, overestimated by the strong field approximation).
  20. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B 42, 211001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Laser Phys. 3, 359 (1993).

1982 (1)

M. D Fayer, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 33, 63 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Altucci, C.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

Balcou, P.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caumes, J.-P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudovich, N.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 1987).

Farrell, J. P.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fayer, M. D

M. D Fayer, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 33, 63 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gühr, M.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Günter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 1987).

Hay, N.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heesel, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Y.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kajumba, N.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kartashov, D.

Kieffer, J. C.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Laser Phys. 3, 359 (1993).

Kulander, K. C.

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Laser Phys. 3, 359 (1993).

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le, A. T.

A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B 42, 211001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lein, M.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levesque, J.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, W.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. D.

A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B 42, 211001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lock, R.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lucchese, R. R.

A. T. Le, R. R. Lucchese, and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B 42, 211001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lytle, A. L.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mairesse, Y.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFarland, B. K.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, Science 322, 1232 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukamel, S.

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 1995).

Murnane, M. M.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Niikura, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patchkovskii, S.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pepin, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 1987).

Popmintchev, T.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nature Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salieres, P.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Laser Phys. 3, 359 (1993).

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smirnova, O.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spanner, M.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolow, A.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Science 322, 1207 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J. L.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Torres, R.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, Nature 460, 972 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, J. Levesque, D. Kartashov, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and T. Auguste, Opt. Lett. 32, 436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, Nature 432, 867 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

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At intensities of up to 3×1014W/cm2, the harmonics are still angularly resolved, but the curve in Fig. becomes strongly dominated by H21 and H23. This is because of the particular shape of the spectrum in our calculation, partly caused by suppressing the long trajectory contribution (because it is, in general, overestimated by the strong field approximation).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental diagram showing (a) the geometry of the Bragg scheme and (b) the apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Bragg order showing up to seven distinct peaks, which we interpret as distinct harmonics. (b) Widths of the slit diffraction pattern (black circles) of a different spectrum than shown in (a) (solid curve) and predictions based on harmonic wavelength (squares).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Intensity distribution of the three pulse overlap. The grating beams propagate along ± x , and the probe beam hits the y-axis under the Bragg angle for harmonic 21. (b) Macroscopic calculation of the far-field harmonic yield versus angle and harmonic order, shown on a linear color scale. The circles indicate the angles predicted by the Bragg law. (c) Spectrally integrated angular distribution for all harmonics above the 19th (black curve), to be compared directly with Fig. 2a. The yield versus angle for individual harmonics is also shown (each integrated over twice the fundamental frequency, different shades).

Equations (1)

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sin θ B = k G 2 k H H = λ H H λ p = 1 n .

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