Abstract

We demonstrate prolonged Raman lasing from individual salt-water microdroplets with 1020μm diameters located on a superhydrophobic surface. The mechanism is based on the absorption heating of a 1064nm cw IR laser and the resonant heating of a 532nm pulsed, pump laser. A clear hysteresis is observed in the lasing intensity as the droplet size is photothermally tuned by the IR laser, indicating a self-stabilization mechanism due to the resonant absorption of the pump laser. Using this mechanism, Raman lasing near 650nm is sustained for up to 25 min, ~1000 times longer than lasing durations reported in previous studies.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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A. Kiraz, Y. Karadağ, and M. Muradoğlu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Knox and J. P. Reid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 10439(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

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1986 (1)

S.-X. Qian and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armani, D. K.

Bienfang, J. C.

Campillo, A. J.

Carlsten, J. L.

Chang, R. K.

S.-X. Qian and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demirel, A. L.

Dündar, M. A.

Eversole, J. D.

Guillon, M.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huston, A. L.

Karadag, Y.

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadağ, and M. Muradoğlu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, D. K. Armani, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 29, 1224 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiraz, A.

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadağ, and M. Muradoğlu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu, A. Kiraz, M. A. Dündar, A. Kurt, and A. L. Demirel, Opt. Lett. 32, 2197 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knox, K. J.

K. J. Knox and J. P. Reid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 10439(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurt, A.

Lin, H.-B.

Lu, Z. H.

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meng, L. S.

Mestre, M.

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miles, R. E. H.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mondia, J. P.

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Muradoglu, M.

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadağ, and M. Muradoğlu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qian, S.-X.

S.-X. Qian and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, J. P.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Knox and J. P. Reid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 10439(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roos, P. A.

Rudolph, W.

Schäfer, J.

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schliesser, A.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sennaroglu, A.

Sharma, R.

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spillane, S.

T. J. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spillane, S. M.

Vahala, K. J.

T. J. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, D. K. Armani, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 29, 1224 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. J.

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yorulmaz, S. C.

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yüce, M. Y.

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Sharma, J. P. Mondia, J. Schäfer, Z. H. Lu, and L. J. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 113104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. J. Knox and J. P. Reid, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 10439(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (3)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (3)

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadağ, and M. Muradoğlu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. J. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-X. Qian and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926(1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Kiraz, Y. Karadag, S. C. Yorulmaz, and M. Muradoglu, Proc. SPIE 7038, 70381I (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Inset, normalized Raman spectra of a 5.9 M NaCl-water solution and that recorded from a microdroplet exhibiting Raman lasing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Total intensity versus IR laser power ( P IR ), collected from a 12 μm diameter NaCl-water droplet exhibiting Raman lasing in increasing (blue solid) and decreasing (red dashed) P IR sweeps. Inset, Raman lasing spectra from increasing (blue solid) and decreasing (red dashed) P IR sweeps. Intensity during increasing P IR is multiplied by 4 for clarity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Consecutive spectra showing prolonged Raman lasing from a 14 μm diameter droplet. (b) Maximum intensity of each spectrum in (a) (black solid) and the power of the IR laser (red dashed) during the lasing period. (c) Oscilloscope trace showing pulse train of Raman lasing signal from a 19 μm diameter droplet.

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