Abstract

We have shown that tunable and highly efficient broadband near-IR (NIR) luminescence can be realized in erbium/bismuth codoped zeolites. The emission covers the ranges of 9301450nm and 14501630nm. The intensity ratio of the two bands can be tuned by adjusting the concentration of erbium and the excitation wavelength. Steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL), and PL excitation measurements indicate that two kinds of emitters coexist in the pores of zeolites, and that NIR active bismuth simultaneously acts as a sensitizer of erbium. The present results demonstrate an important rational strategy for the design of a tunable NIR-emitting zeolite-based nanosystem.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (1)

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (5)

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Binnemans, Chem. Rev. 109, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

G. Calzaferri and K. Lutkouskaya, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 7, 879 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Lin, and Y. Mao, J. Lumin. 128, 1965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 1488 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Rocha and L. D. Carlos, Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 7, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

U. Kynast and V. Weiler, Adv. Mater. 6, 937 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. E. Davis, Acc. Chem. Res. 26, 111 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Z.

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benmouhadi, L.

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Binnemans, K.

K. Binnemans, Chem. Rev. 109, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruhwiler, D.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burger, M.

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Calzaferri, G.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Calzaferri and K. Lutkouskaya, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 7, 879 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carlos, L. D.

J. Rocha and L. D. Carlos, Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 7, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Davis, M. E.

M. E. Davis, Acc. Chem. Res. 26, 111 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deki, S.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dieu, L.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Fujii, M.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gartmann, N.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, Y.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hosokawa, A.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Jüstel, T.

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kanzawa, Y.

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kynast, U.

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Kynast and V. Weiler, Adv. Mater. 6, 937 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laeri, F.

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lau, C.

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lezhnina, M.

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Lin, B.

Q. Xu, B. Lin, and Y. Mao, J. Lumin. 128, 1965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Duarte, I.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lutkouskaya, K.

G. Calzaferri and K. Lutkouskaya, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 7, 879 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchi, G.

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

Q. Xu, B. Lin, and Y. Mao, J. Lumin. 128, 1965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Diaz, M. V.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meinardi, F.

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Miwa, Y.

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizuhata, M.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monguzzi, A.

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, T.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Okubo, T.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Qiu, J.

Ramm, J. H.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ren, T.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Rocha, J.

J. Rocha and L. D. Carlos, Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 7, 199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ryo, M.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sendor, D.

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimaoka, F.

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, V. O.

Sun, H.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torres, T.

D. Bruhwiler, G. Calzaferri, T. Torres, J. H. Ramm, N. Gartmann, L. Dieu, I. Lopez-Duarte, and M. V. Martinez-Diaz, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 8040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tosheva, L.

L. Tosheva and V. P. Valtchev, Chem. Mater. 17, 2494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tubino, R.

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Valtchev, V. P.

L. Tosheva and V. P. Valtchev, Chem. Mater. 17, 2494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wada, Y.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Weiler, V.

U. Kynast and V. Weiler, Adv. Mater. 6, 937 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wiechert, D. U.

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Lin, and Y. Mao, J. Lumin. 128, 1965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yanagida, S.

M. Ryo, Y. Wada, T. Okubo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wada, T. Okubo, M. Ryo, T. Nakazawa, Y. Hasegawa, and S. Yanagida, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 8583 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

Zhu, C.

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

M. E. Davis, Acc. Chem. Res. 26, 111 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

T. Jüstel, D. U. Wiechert, C. Lau, D. Sendor, and U. Kynast, Adv. Funct. Mater. 11, 105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (3)

U. Kynast and V. Weiler, Adv. Mater. 6, 937 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lezhnina, F. Laeri, L. Benmouhadi, and U. Kynast, Adv. Mater. 18, 280 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

Y. Wang, H. Li, Y. Feng, H. Zhang, G. Calzaferri, and T. Ren, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49, 1434 (2010).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Monguzzi, G. Macchi, F. Meinardi, R. Tubino, M. Burger, and G. Calzaferri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujii, M. Yoshida, Y. Kanzawa, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, T. Hasegawa, M. Fujii, F. Shimaoka, Z. Bai, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photoluminescence spectra of Er, Bi singly and codoped zeolites, excited by (a) 488 and (b) 457.9 nm . The PL spectra of the Er singly doped sample are multiplied by a factor of 10 2 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoluminescence excitation spectra of Er ( 0.5 mM ) / Bi codoped zeolites and Er ( 0.5 mM ) singly doped zeolites detected at 1532 nm . The PLE spectrum of the singly doped sample is multiplied by a factor of 10 3 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoluminescence decay curves of all samples detected at (a) 1145 and (b) 1532 nm . (c) Time dependence of PL intensity just after excitation.

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