Abstract

We report on kagomé-lattice photonic microcells with low losses, large outer diameters, and large cores. The large (4070μm) cores are accommodated by tapering the fibers and splicing the reduced ends to a single-mode fiber. We demonstrate the repeatability of this process and obtain splice losses of 0.6dB by optimizing the taper transition length. Narrow electromagnetically induced transparencies and saturable absorption are demonstrated in an acetylene-filled photonic microcell.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. S. Light, F. Couny, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 31, 2538 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Riehle, Frequency Standards: Basics and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2007 (2)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1020 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. S. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1992 (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

J. E. M. Haverkort, H. G. C. Werij, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4054 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 23, 993 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

Birks, T. A.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Corwin, K. L.

K. Knabe, S. Wu, J. K. Lim, K. A. Tillman, P. S. Light, F. Couny, N. Wheeler, R. Thapa, A. M. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, F. Benabid, and K. L. Corwin, Opt. Express 17, 16017 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Knabe, R. Thapa, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD46.

Couny, F.

Field, J. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbert, S. L.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haverkort, J. E. M.

J. E. M. Haverkort, H. G. C. Werij, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4054 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, A. M.

Knabe, K.

K. Knabe, S. Wu, J. K. Lim, K. A. Tillman, P. S. Light, F. Couny, N. Wheeler, R. Thapa, A. M. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, F. Benabid, and K. L. Corwin, Opt. Express 17, 16017 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Knabe, R. Thapa, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD46.

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Light, P. S.

Lim, J. K.

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 23, 993 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Ouzounov, D. G.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riehle, F.

F. Riehle, Frequency Standards: Basics and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2004).

Roberts, P. J.

F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, and P. S. Light, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 4, 09004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, and P. S. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 5694 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swann, W. C.

Thapa, R.

K. Knabe, S. Wu, J. K. Lim, K. A. Tillman, P. S. Light, F. Couny, N. Wheeler, R. Thapa, A. M. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, F. Benabid, and K. L. Corwin, Opt. Express 17, 16017 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Knabe, R. Thapa, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD46.

Tillman, K. A.

Washburn, B. R.

K. Knabe, S. Wu, J. K. Lim, K. A. Tillman, P. S. Light, F. Couny, N. Wheeler, R. Thapa, A. M. Jones, J. W. Nicholson, B. R. Washburn, F. Benabid, and K. L. Corwin, Opt. Express 17, 16017 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Knabe, R. Thapa, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD46.

Werij, H. G. C.

J. E. M. Haverkort, H. G. C. Werij, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4054 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wheeler, N.

Wheeler, N. V.

Woerdman, J. P.

J. E. M. Haverkort, H. G. C. Werij, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4054 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. D. Love, Electron. Lett. 23, 993 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1020 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. (1)

F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, and P. S. Light, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 4, 09004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. S. Russell, Nature 434, 488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. E. M. Haverkort, H. G. C. Werij, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4054 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

F. Riehle, Frequency Standards: Basics and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2004).

K. Knabe, R. Thapa, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThD46.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a), (b) SEMs of a full-size 19-cell and one-cell kagomé fiber, respectively. (c), (d) Corresponding SEMs of the fibers tapered to an outer diameter of 125 μm (to the same scale).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic tapered fiber. (b) Measured butt-coupling loss from SMF to a 19-cell (red triangles) and a one-cell (blue squares) fiber as a function of transition length. The dashed lines indicate butt-coupling losses to the untapered fibers. (c) Micrograph of a 19-cell fiber (right) tapered in OD from 315 to 125 μm over a 7.5 mm transition and spliced to a SMF (left).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup for observing EIT in our PMC: EDFA, erbium doped fiber amplifier; ECDL, external cavity diode laser. (b) EIT feature width and height as a function of coupling laser power. Experimental one-cell kagomé data (black points) are compared to experimental seven-cell bandgap HC-PCF data (gray points) and theoretical fits (black and gray lines, respectively).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup used to create and observe SA in our PMC for a pump power of 250 mW (gray line) in line P25 of the acetylene v 1 + v 3 spectrum. Probe beam is created through reflection from the second kagomé-fiber-to-SMF splice.

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