Abstract

An optical resonator is often called fully tunable if its tunable range exceeds the spectral interval that contains the resonances at all the characteristic modes of this resonator. For high-Q-factor spheroidal and toroidal microresonators, this interval coincides with the azimuthal free spectral range (FSR). In this Letter, we demonstrate what we believe to be the first mechanically fully tunable spheroidal microresonator created of a silica microbubble having a 100μm order radius and 1μm order wall thickness. The tunable bandwidth of this resonator is more than two times greater than its azimuthal FSR.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 3 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, and V. Lefèvre-Seguin, Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Cai and K. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 26, 884 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sumetsky, Opt. Lett. 29, 8 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Express 17, 11916 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 35, 898 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Hiramatsu and Y. Oka, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 3, 89 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Timoshenko and S. Woinowsky-Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells (McGraw-Hill, 1959).
  19. C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 12, 3521 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Express 17, 11916 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1989

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1966

Y. Hiramatsu and Y. Oka, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 3, 89 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D.

D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buck, J. R.

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

Dulashko, Y.

Hale, A.

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hiramatsu, Y.

Y. Hiramatsu and Y. Oka, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 3, 89 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, and V. Lefèvre-Seguin, Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krause, J. T.

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kurkjian, C. R.

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J.-P.

H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. A.

H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

Long, R.

Mabuchi, H.

Maleki, L.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A.

D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matthewson, M. J.

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

Norris, D. J.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, D.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oka, Y.

Y. Hiramatsu and Y. Oka, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 3, 89 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Pöllinger, M.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raimond, J.-M.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spillane, S. M.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sumetsky, M.

Tapalian, H. C.

H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Timoshenko, S.

S. Timoshenko and S. Woinowsky-Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells (McGraw-Hill, 1959).

Treussart, F.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

Vahala, K. J.

D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volikov, P. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

Warken, F.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkinson, J. S.

Windeler, R. S.

Woinowsky-Krieger, S.

S. Timoshenko and S. Woinowsky-Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells (McGraw-Hill, 1959).

Zervas, M. N.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Armani, B. Min, A. Martin, and K. J. Vahala, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Electron. Lett. 39, 389 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

H. C. Tapalian, J.-P. Laine, and P. A. Lane, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1118 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci.

Y. Hiramatsu and Y. Oka, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 3, 89 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Pöllinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 4969, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Timoshenko and S. Woinowsky-Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells (McGraw-Hill, 1959).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Illustration of an optical microresonator. (b) Bulk spherical microresonator with applied stretching force. (c) Hollow spherical microresonator with applied stretching force.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical microscope picture of the MBR used in the experiment. (b) Optical microscope picture of the cross section of the capillary from which the MBR was created. (c) Illustration of the setup used for the MBR stretching.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission spectra of the MBR for different PZT displacements. (a) PZT displacement step is 2.5 μm . (b) PZT displacement step is 0.5 μm .

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k m p q R 0 1 [ m + Δ + 2 1 / 3 t p m 1 / 3 + ( q + 1 2 ) ( R 0 / R 1 ) 1 / 2 ] ,
Δ λ FSR ( azim ) = ( 2 π n eff R 0 ) 1 λ 2 .
Δ λ Δ R λ / R 0 .
FOM = Δ λ / Δ λ FSR ( azim ) = 2 π n eff Δ R / λ .
Δ R 0.2 F / ( E R 0 ) ,
Δ R 0.2 F / ( E h ) .
F bulk / F hollow = R 0 / h .
Δ λ bulk ( max ) 0.2 π p max ( λ / E ) ( a / R 0 ) 2 .
Δ λ hollow ( max ) 0.4 π p max ( λ / E ) .

Metrics