Abstract

We successfully demonstrate the characterization of phase- and amplitude-modulated broadband UV pulses with a shaper-assisted cross-correlation setup. A two-dimensional pulse modulator, operated in the diffractive shaping mode, is used to generate an inherently temporally overlapped reference beam. To greatly improve the usability of this method, we combined this setup with a split-mirror UV autocorrelator based on a solar-blind photo multiplier tube as sensitive nonlinearity. This allows sensitive characterization of the Fourier-limited pulses down to a few picojoules, as well as complex-shaped ultrashort UV pulses, typically occurring in coherent control experiments.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Möhring, T. Buckup, C. S. Lehmann, and M. Motzkus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Galler and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. B 90, 427 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kacprowicz, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. B 91, 283 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

K. Ihara, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 026109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 30, 323 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

2002

2000

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Banaszek, K.

M. Kacprowicz, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. B 91, 283 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

Bonacina, L.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Buckup, T.

Cruz, J. M. D.

Dantus, M.

De Long, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C.

Extermann, J.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frei, F.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galler, A.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galler and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. B 90, 427 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gehner, A.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

Gunn, J. M.

Hacker, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

Hornung, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 30, 323 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ihara, K.

K. Ihara, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 026109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

K. Ihara, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 026109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kacprowicz, M.

M. Kacprowicz, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. B 91, 283 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, C. S.

Lochbrunner, S.

Lozovoy, V. V.

Möhring, J.

Motzkus, M.

Murnane, M.

Nelson, K.

Nelson, K. A.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 30, 323 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Rondi, A.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

Stobrawa, G.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

Stone, K. W.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J.

Vaughan, J. C.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 30, 323 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Vacano, B.

Wasilewski, W.

M. Kacprowicz, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. B 91, 283 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weber, S. M.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wildenhain, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

Wolf, J. P.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

Zaitsu, S.

K. Ihara, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 026109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Galler and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. B 90, 427 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kacprowicz, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, Appl. Phys. B 91, 283 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 96, 757 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, J. Phys. Chem. 111, 4873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

K. Ihara, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 026109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. De Long, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of UV cross correlation and the applied shaping scheme. (a) Comparison between diffractive and conventional shaping patterns written on a 2D phase-only modulator (SLM). The left part shows a zero phase, whereas on the right side, a quadratic phase is shown. In a diffractive shaping scheme, a grating, perpendicular to the plane of dispersion, is written on the SLM. This diffractive shaping is also used to obtain the beam splitting shown in (b). (b) Principal illustration of the cross-correlation setup consisting of a split-mirror AC and a two-dimensional direct UV phase modulator operated in the diffractive shaping mode. The elements of the 4f setup for the SLM are omitted for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Double pulse generated by diffractive shaping and characterized by shaper-assisted XAC. The XAC shows clean double-pulse generation without visible artifacts due to the shaping. (b) Cross correlations of double pulses; symmetric around time zero (left) and with one pulse at time zero (right). Here XAC shows the capability of measuring absolute time, which is not possible in AC measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Third-order phase functions characterized by shaper-assisted cross correlation. A cross correlation is capable of differentiating between the signs of a third-order phase, such as is shown here.

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