Abstract

In this Letter, we demonstrate theoretically the design of a polarization-insensitive echelle grating demultiplexer on a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator platform. The polarization-insensitive performance is achieved through a dual-grating system, which utilizes different concave gratings for different polarizations. The first concave grating acts as a polarization to beam splitter as well, allowing light with the other polarization to pass through and be reflected by the second grating, which is designed separately; thus the same spectral responses are obtained for the two polarizations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Dai and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, S. He, and L. Thylen, Opt. Lett. 34, 383 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).
  12. Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. A. McGreer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 397 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

2007 (2)

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

D. Dai and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

1999 (1)

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. A. McGreer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baerts, R. G.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R. G.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beckx, S.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bisaillon, E.

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

D. Dai and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davies, M.

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Delage, A.

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Erickson, L.

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaiffe, Th.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, J. J.

Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, S. He, and L. Thylen, Opt. Lett. 34, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

Jaenen, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C. H.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, A.

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koteles, E.

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lamontagne, B.

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McGreer, K. A.

K. A. McGreer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nadeau, M.

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Selvaraja, S.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z.

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

Shi, Z.

Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

Song, J.

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, S. He, and L. Thylen, Opt. Lett. 34, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thourhout, D.

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, and R. G. Baerts, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1269 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thylen, L.

Wen, H.

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

Wiaux, V.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wonsinski, L.

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wosinski, L.

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, S. He, and L. Thylen, Opt. Lett. 34, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, S. He, and L. Thylen, Opt. Lett. 34, 383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Acta Photonica Sinica (1)

H. Wen, S. He, Z. Sheng, Z. Shi, and J. J. He, Acta Photonica Sinica 32, 306 (2003).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 42, 400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

J. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. G. Baerts, and D. Thourhout, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wonsinski, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. He, E. Koteles, B. Lamontagne, L. Erickson, A. Delage, and M. Davies, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 224 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shi, J. J. He, and S. He, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1885 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. A. McGreer, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

E. Bisaillon, D. Han, M. Nadeau, L. Chrostowski, and A. Kirk, Proc. SPIE 6475, 64750C (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhu, J. Song, L. Wosinski, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340V (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the dual-grating system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated transmission spectrum for TE polarization and reflection spectrum for TM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Layout of an example of a polarization-insensitive echelle grating demultiplexer, with the following incident and diffracted angles: θ i 1 = 31.5 ° , θ d 1 = 27.5 ° , θ i 2 = 45 ° and θ d 2 = 41 ° .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral responses of both TE and TM polarization at the central channel 1550 nm and the edge channel 1524.4 nm . For clearance, the spectrum of the edge channel has been shifted by 30 dB .

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n eff Λ ( sin θ i + sin θ d ) = m λ ,
LD = 2 r RC ( sin θ i + sin θ d ) λ cos θ d n g n eff ,
I O ¯ = 2 r RC 1 sin ( θ i 1 θ d 1 ) = 2 r RC 2 sin ( θ i 2 θ d 2 ) .
LD = 2 r RC 1 ( sin θ i 1 + sin θ d 1 ) λ cos θ d 1 n g 1 n eff 1 = 2 r RC 2 ( sin θ i 2 + sin θ d 2 ) λ cos θ d 2 n g 2 n eff 2 .
m λ Bragg = 2 n eff Λ ,

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