Abstract

We measure the values of individual χ(2) tensor components in a birefringent periodically poled silica fiber through spectrally separated type I and type II second-harmonic generation. We demonstrate that the χ(2) tensor symmetry is consistent with that of χ(3) in silica and thereby provide experimental evidence that this χ(2) originates from a χ(3) process.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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T. Mizunami, Y. Sadakane, and Y. Tatsumoto, Thin Solid Films 516, 5890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Ayala-Diaz, C.

Bernage, P.

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[CrossRef]

Brueck, S.

Canagasabey, A.

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 34, 2483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, Z. Zhang, P. G. Kazansky, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 32, 1863 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Codemard, C.

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Corbari, C.

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 34, 2483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, Z. Zhang, P. G. Kazansky, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 32, 1863 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Corbari, P. Kazansky, S. Slattery, and D. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Dianov, E.

Dong, L.

Fleming, S.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gladyshev, A.

Godbout, N.

Guillemet, S.

Hernandez, Y.

Ibsen, M.

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 34, 2483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, Z. Zhang, P. G. Kazansky, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 32, 1863 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Janos, M.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P.

C. Corbari, P. Kazansky, S. Slattery, and D. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. Russell, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kazansky and P. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 34, 2483 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, Z. Zhang, P. G. Kazansky, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 32, 1863 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Kosolapov, A.

Kudlinski, A.

Lacroix, S.

Levenson, J.

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liegeois, F.

Lo, K.-M.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, G.

Mendieta-Jimenez, F.

Mezzapesa, F. P.

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Mizunami, T.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sadakane, and Y. Tatsumoto, Thin Solid Films 516, 5890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R.

Nikogosyan, D.

C. Corbari, P. Kazansky, S. Slattery, and D. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

Pruneri, V.

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

Quiquempois, Y.

Russell, P.

Sadakane, Y.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sadakane, and Y. Tatsumoto, Thin Solid Films 516, 5890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Simonneau, C.

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slattery, S.

C. Corbari, P. Kazansky, S. Slattery, and D. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tatsumoto, Y.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sadakane, and Y. Tatsumoto, Thin Solid Films 516, 5890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tentroi, D.

Trevino-Martinez, F.

Vidakovic, P.

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wong, D.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Corbari, P. Kazansky, S. Slattery, and D. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. Kazansky, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. Levenson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Kazansky and P. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Thin Solid Films (1)

T. Mizunami, Y. Sadakane, and Y. Tatsumoto, Thin Solid Films 516, 5890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, F. P. Mezzapesa, C. Codemard, J. Nilsson, and P. G. Kazansky, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 5 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFB3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SHG experimental setup. Inset, cross section of the PPSF. (b) At the output of the PPSF, the SH and fundamental beams are separated by a WDM. A polarimeter monitors the fundamental polarization and power, while a Si detector monitors the SH power. (c) Setup used to monitor the SH polarization.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured SHG spectrum showing the nonlinear transmittance η SH plotted against λ F for each of the three observed processes. The inset shows a log–log plot of the SH power P SH versus the fundamental power P F for the X + X X signal. Clearly, P SH ( P F ) 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plots of the polarization dependence of the three SHG peaks, produced by sweeping the polarization state of the fundamental over the entire Poincare sphere at the wavelengths indicated, while η SH = P SH ( P F ) 2 is measured.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of SHG Results for the PPSF

Equations (5)

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χ x x x ( 2 ) ( 2 ω ; ω , ω ) = 3 χ x y y ( 2 ) = 3 χ y x y ( 2 ) = 3 χ y y x ( 2 ) ,
χ y y y ( 2 ) ( 2 ω ; ω , ω ) = χ y x x ( 2 ) = χ x y x ( 2 ) = χ x x y ( 2 ) = 0 ,
β i ( 2 ω F ) = β j ( ω F ) + β k ( ω F ) + 2 π Λ .
P SH , i ( χ i j k ( 2 ) ) 2 P F , j P F , k ,
P SH , i ( χ i j k ( 2 ) + χ i k j ( 2 ) ) 2 P F , j P F , k ,

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