Abstract

We study second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses in bulk periodically poled lithium niobate using an all-semiconductor master oscillator–power amplifier with gain-switched seed as our fundamental source. Both during amplification and during the subsequent second-harmonic generation, the signal pulse shape improves, and the resulting pulses at 531nm are nearly independent of the seed pump conditions. Over a wide range of repetition rates and seed settings, we obtain green pulses with a duration of less than 31ps FWHM and a peak power of more than 5.1W. We further investigate the influence of the fundamental’s spectral dynamics on pulsed second-harmonic generation efficiency and obtain excellent agreement between our measurements and previously published theoretical treatments.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. N. Day, Visible Fluorescent Proteins for FRET-FLIM (CRC Press, 2010), Chap. 3.
  2. M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Helmfrid and G. Arvidsson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2326 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

J. A. Tatum, J. W. Jennings, III, and D. L. MacFarlane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2950 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Helmfrid and G. Arvidsson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

Bellancourt, A.-R.

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Bo, Y.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chestnut, D. A.

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Q.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Day, R. N.

R. N. Day, Visible Fluorescent Proteins for FRET-FLIM (CRC Press, 2010), Chap. 3.

Erbert, G.

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Erdmann, R.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, J.

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Häring, R.

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Helmfrid, S.

Jennings, J. W.

J. A. Tatum, J. W. Jennings, III, and D. L. MacFarlane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2950 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaenders, W.

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Knauer, A.

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koberling, F.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kostamovaara, J.

B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kume, M.

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lanz, B.

B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lauritsen, K.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lison, F.

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

MacFarlane, D. L.

J. A. Tatum, J. W. Jennings, III, and D. L. MacFarlane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2950 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohya, J.

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Patting, M.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, Q.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, H.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riecke, S.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, T. D.

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahm, A.

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, T.

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Schwertfeger, S.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, L.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tatum, J. A.

J. A. Tatum, J. W. Jennings, III, and D. L. MacFarlane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2950 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thiem, H.

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tohmon, G.

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vainshtein, S.

B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wahl, M.

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Riecke, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 98, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. A. Chestnut, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. D. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Lanz, S. Vainshtein, and J. Kostamovaara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. (1)

M. Wahl, F. Koberling, M. Patting, H. Rahn, and R. Erdmann, Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 5, 299 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Ohya, G. Tohmon, K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi, and M. Kume, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2050 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Opt. Commun. 282, 611 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. Häring, T. Schmitt, A.-R. Bellancourt, F. Lison, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, and W. Kaenders, Proc. SPIE 5707, 302 (2005)
[CrossRef]

A. Sahm, H. Thiem, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, A. Knauer, and G. Erbert, Proc. SPIE 7221, 72210W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. A. Tatum, J. W. Jennings, III, and D. L. MacFarlane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2950 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. N. Day, Visible Fluorescent Proteins for FRET-FLIM (CRC Press, 2010), Chap. 3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the generation of green picosecond pulses. Focusing lens FL has focal length 35 mm for crystal 1 and 150 mm for crystal 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse shapes of seed, amplified signal, and SHG signal using crystal 2. The peak seed pump current increases from setting 1 through 3, I RW = 10 mA and I TP = 3.93 A are constant. The resulting green pulse shapes are nearly independent of the initial seed pulse shape.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured SHG pulse shape and expected SHG pulse shape calculated from the measured amplified IR signal with a conversion efficiency of 0.67%/(W cm) for (a) crystal 1 and (b) crystal 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Averaged amplified pulse spectra at (a) low seed pump current and (b) high seed pump current (setting 3). Inset, seed pulse shapes.

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