Abstract

The possibility of fabricating a polarization-maintaining Bragg fiber has been studied. It is shown that violation of the cylindrical symmetry of a Bragg mirror in most cases results in a sharp increase in optical loss, which is caused by resonance transmission through the Bragg mirror at wavelengths near the cutoffs of the modes of the high-index rings with a nonzero azimuthal index. It is shown that placing stress-applied parts or air holes inside the Bragg fiber core allows one to avoid this effect. A polarization-maintaining Bragg fiber with perfect light confinement in the core is demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

E. M. Dianov, M. E. Likhachev, and S. Fevrier, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2003

1978

Argyros, J. A.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Blondy, J.-M.

Bookey, H. T.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Broeng, J.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Bubnov, M. M.

Cerqueira S., A.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cucinotta, A.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Dasgupta, S.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dianov, E.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Dianov, E. M.

Ducros, N.

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

Dunn, S. C.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fevrier, S.

Février, S.

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

Fleming, J. G.

Foroni, M.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

George, A. K.

Giovanelli, D.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hadley, G. R.

Jakobsen, C.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Jamier, R.

S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, Opt. Express 14, 562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

Jensen, J. B.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Kar, A. K.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Khopin, V. F.

Knight, J. C.

Lægsgaard, J.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Likhachev, M.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Likhachev, M. E.

E. M. Dianov, M. E. Likhachev, and S. Fevrier, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, Opt. Express 14, 562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

Lin, S.-Y.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Luan, F.

Lyngsø, J. K.

J. K. Lyngsø, B. J. Mangan, and P. J. Roberts, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CThV1.
[PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

J. K. Lyngsø, B. J. Mangan, and P. J. Roberts, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CThV1.
[PubMed]

Marom, E.

McCarthy, J.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

McPhedran, R. C.

Pal, B. P.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Poli, F.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Roberts, P. J.

J. K. Lyngsø, B. J. Mangan, and P. J. Roberts, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CThV1.
[PubMed]

Russel, P. St. J.

Salganskii, M. Y.

Salganskii, M. Yu.

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

Selleri, S.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

Semjonov, S. L.

Sysoliatin, A.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

Usner, B.

Vienne, G.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

White, T. P.

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, M. E. Likhachev, and S. Fevrier, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OML8.
[PubMed]

R. Jamier, S. Février, N. Ducros, M. E. Likhachev, and M. Yu. Salganskii, “Tight control of the spectral broadening obtained by nonlinear conversion in a photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, paper JWA53, Baltimore, USA, 31 May-5 June, 2009.

H. T. Bookey, J. McCarthy, A. K. Kar, B. P. Pal, S. Dasgupta, E. Dianov, M. Likhachev, and A. Sysoliatin, presented at PHOTONICS-2008, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, December 13-17, 2008, Delhi, India, paper WB1. C1.

J. K. Lyngsø, B. J. Mangan, and P. J. Roberts, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CThV1.
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of the Bragg fiber with air holes; (b) photograph of the near-field intensity after 8 m of the fiber bent with a radius of 20 cm ; (c) optical loss spectra, 1, in a structure with air holes and 2, in a circular symmetric structure [5].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Refractive index profile and electric field intensity distribution at two orthogonal axes ( λ = 1064 nm ) in the fabricated PM Bragg fiber; inset, photograph of the near-field intensity of the main HE 11 mode. (b) SEM images of the fabricated PM Bragg fiber (dark regions, boron-doped SAPs; light rings, high-index Ge-doped rings).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical loss of the HE 11 mode in the fabricated PM Bragg fiber: curve 1, straight; 2–4, bent with R equal to 20, 8, and 5 cm , respectively; 5, calculated for the circular symmetric straight Bragg fiber. Inset, transmission spectrum measured in crossed polarizers

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